An G: Development of plant promoter expression vectors and their use for analysis of differential activity of nopaline synthase promoters in transformed tobacco cells. Plant Physiol 81: 86–91 (1986).
Anderson MD, Chen Z, Klessig DF: Possible involvement of lipid peroxidation in SA-mediated induction of PR-1 gene expression. Phytochemistry 47: 555–566 (1998).
Bi Y-M, Kenton P, Mur L, Darby R, Draper J: Hydrogen peroxide does not function downstream of salicylic acid in the induction of PR protein expression. Plant J 8: 235–245 (1995).
Bilha B, Kadish D, Levy Y., Cohen Y: Infectivity to potato, sporangial germination, and respiration of isolates of Phytophthora infestans from metalaxy-sensitive and metalaxyresistant populations. Phytopathology 79: 823–836 ( 1989).
Bradley DJ, Kjellbom P, Lamb C: Elicitor-and woundinduced oxidative cross-linking of a proline-rich plant cell wall protein: a novel, rapid defense response. Cell 70: 21–30 (1992).
Burnett WV: Northern blotting of RNA denatured in glyoxal without buffer recirculation. BioTechniques 22: 668–671 (1997).
Cao H, Glazebrook J, Clarke JD, Volko S, Dong X: The Arabidopsis NPR 1 gene that controls systemic acquired resistance encodes a novel protein containing ankyrin repeats. Cell 88: 57–63 (1997).
Chamnongpol S, Willekens H, Langebartels C, Van Montagu M, Inzé D, Van Camp W: Transgenic tobacco with a reduced catalase activity develop necrotic lesions and have constitutive pathogenesis-related gene expression under high light. Plant J 10: 491–503 (1996).
Chen Z, Klessig DF: Identification of a soluble salicylic acidbinding protein that may function in the signal transduction in the plant disease resistance response. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88: 8179–8183 (1991).
Chen Z, Lyer S, Caplan A, Klessig DF, Fan B: Differential accumulation of salicylic acid and salicylic acid-sensitive catalase in different rice tissues. Plant Physiol 114: 193–201 (1997).
Chen Z, Ricigliano JW, Klessig DF: Purification and characterization of a soluble salicylic acid-binding protein from tobacco. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90: 9533–9537 (1993).
Chen Z, Silva H, Klessig DF: Active oxygen species in the induction of plant systemic acquired resistance by salicylic acid. Science 262: 1883–1886 (1993).
Conrath U, Chen Z, Ricigliano JW, Klessig DF: Two inducers of plant defence responses, 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid and salicylic acid, inhibit catalase activity in tobacco. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92: 7143–7147 (1995).
Coquoz JL, Buchala AJ, Meuwly PH, Metraux JP: Arachidonic acid induces local but not systemic synthesis of salicylic acid and confers systemic resistance to potato plants to Phytophthora infestans and Alternaria solani. Phytopathology 85: 1219–1224 (1995).
Dellaporta SL, Wood J, Hicks JB: A plant DNA minipreparation: version II. Plant Mol Biol Rep 1: 19–21 (1983).
Drory A, Woodson WR: Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of a cDNA encoding catalase from tomato. Plant Physiol 100: 1605–1606 (1992).
Du H, Klessig DF: Identification of a soluble, high affinity salicylic acid-binding protein in tobacco. Plant Physiol 113: 1319–1327 (1997).
Durner J, Klessig DF: Inhibition of ascorbate peroxidase by salicylic acid and 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid, two inducers of plant defense responses. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92: 11312–11316 (1995).
Durner J, Klessig DF: Salicylic acid is a modulator of tobacco and mammalian catalases. J Biol Chem 27: 28492–28501 (1996).
Enyedi A, Yalpani N, Silverman P, Rasin I: Localization, conjugation and function of salicylic acid in tobacco during the hypersensitive reaction to tobacco mosaic virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 2480–2484 (1992).
Fauth M, Merten A, Hahn M, Jeblick W, Kauss H: Competence for elicitation of H2O2 in hypocotyls of cucumer is induced by breaching the cuticle and is enhanced by salicylic acid. Plant Physiol 110: 347–354 (1996).
Halliwell B, Gutteridge JMC: Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK (1989).
Kauss H, Jeblick W: Pretreatment of parsley suspension cultures with salicylic acid enhances spontaneous and elicited production of H2O2. Plant Physiol 108: 1171–1178 (1995).
Kauss H, Jeblick W: Influence of salicylic acid on the induction of competence for H2O2 elicitation. Plant Physiol 111: 755–763 (1996).
Kawano T, Sahashi N, Takahashi K, Uozumi N, Muto S: Salicylic acid induces extracellular superoxide generation followed by an increase in cytosolic calcium ion in tobacco suspension culture: the earliest events in salicylic acid signal transduction. Plant Cell Physiol 39: 721–730 (1998).
Leon J, Lawton MA, Raskin I: Hydrogen peroxide stimulates salicylic acid biosynthesis in tobacco. Plant Physiol 108: 1673–1678 ( 1995).
Levine A, Tenhaken R, Dixon R, Lamb C: H2O2 from the oxidative burst orchestrates the plant hypersensitive disease resistance response. Cell 79: 583–593 (1994).
Liu D., Raghothama KG, Hasegawa P, Bressan RA: Osmotin overexpression in potato delays development of disease symptoms. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 1881–1892 (1994).
Logemann J, Schell J, Willmitzer L: Improved method for the isolation of RNA from plant tissues. Anal Biochem 163: 16–20 (1987).
Malamy J, Carr J.P, Klessig DF, Raskin I: Salicylic acid: a likely endogenous signal in the resistance response of tobacco to viral infection. Science 250: 1002–1004 (1990).
Malamy J, Hennig J, Klessig DF: Temperature-dependent induction of salicylic acid and its conjugates during the resistance response to tobacco mosaic virus infection. Plant Cell 4: 359–366 (1992).
Metraux JP, Signer H, Ryals JA, Ward E, Wyss-Benz M, Gaudin J, Raschdorf K, Schmid E, Blum W, Inveradi B: Increase in salicylic acid at the onset of systemic acquired resistance in cucumber. Science 250: 1004–1006 (1990).
Mur LA, Naylor G, Warner SAJ, Sugars JM, White RF, Draper J: Salicylic acid potentiates defense gene expression in leaf tissue exhibiting acquired resistance to pathogen attack. Plant J 9: 559–571 (1996).
Neuenschwander U., Vernooij B., Friedrich L., Uknes S., Kessmann H, Ryals J: Is hydrogen peroxide a second messenger of salicylic acid in systemic acquired resistance. Plant J 8: 227–233 (1995).
Niebel A., Heungens K., Barthels N., Inzé D., Van Montagu M, Gheysen G: Characterization of a pathogen-induced potato catalase and its systemic expression upon nematode and bacterial infection. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 8: 371–378 (1995).
Raskin I, Skubatz H, Tang W, Meeuse BJD: Salicylic acid levels in thermogenic and nonthermogenic plants. Ann Bot 66: 369–373 (1990).
Rasmussen JB, Hammerschmidt R, Zook MN: Systemic induction of salicylic acid accumulation in cucumber after inoculation with Psedomonas syringae pv. syringae. Plant Physiol 97: 1342–1347 (1991).
Ruffer M, Steipe B, Zenk MH: Evidence against specific binding of salicylic acid to plant catalase. FEBS Lett 377: 175–180 (1995).
Ryals JA, Neuenschwander UH, Willits MG, Molina A, Steiner HY, Hunt MD: Systemic acquired resistance. Plant Cell 8: 1809–1819 (1996).
Ryals J, Weymann K, Lawton K, Friedrich L, Ellis D, Steiner HY, Johnson J, Delaney TP, Jesse T, Vos P, Uknes S: The Arabidopsis thaliana NIM1 protein shows homology to the mammalian transcription factor inhibitor I_B. Plant Cell 9: 425–439 (1997).
Shah J., Tsui F, Klessig DF: Characterization of a salicylic acid-insensitive mutant (sai1) of Arabidopsis thaliana identi-fied in a selective screening utilizing the SA-inducible expression of the tms2 gene. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 10: 69–76 (1997).
Shirasu K, Nakajima H, Rajasekhar VY, Dixon RA, Lamb C: Salicylic acid potentiates an agonist-dependent gain control that amplifies pathogen signals in the activation of defense mechanisms. Plant Cell 9: 261–270 (1996).
Takahashi H, Chen Z, Du H, Liu Y, Klessig D.F: Development of necrosis and activation of disease resistance in transgenic tobacco plants with severely reduced catalase levels. Plant J 11: 993–1005 (1997).
Timmermans MCP, Maliga P, Veira J, Messing, J: The pFF plasmids: cassettes utilising CaMV sequences for expression of foreign genes in plants. J Biotechnol 14: 333–344 (1990).
Tooley PW, Swelgard JA, Fry WE: Fitness and virulence of Phytophthora infestans isolates from sexual and asexual populations. Phytopathology 76: 1209–1212 (1980).
Uknes S, Winter A, Delaney T, Vernooij B, Morse A, Friedrich L, Potter S, Slusarenko A, Ward E, Ryals J: Biological in488 duction of systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 6: 680–685 (1993).
Vernooij B, Friedrich L, Morse A, Reist R, Koldttz-Jawhar R, Ward E, Uknes S, Kessmann H, Ryals J: Salicylic acid is not the translocated signal responsible for inducing systemic acquired resistance but is required in signal transduction. Plant Cell 6: 959–969 (1994).
Wendehenne D, Durner J, Chen Z, Klessig DF: Benzothiadiazole, an inducer of plant defenses, inhibits catalases and ascorbate peroxidase. Phytochemistry 47: 651–657 (1998).
Wenzler HC, Mignery G, May G, Park WD: A rapid and efficient transformation method for the production of large numbers of transgenic potato plants. Plant Sci 63: 79–85 (1989).
Weyman K, Hunt M, Uknes S, Neuenschwander U, Lawton K, Steiner H, Ryals J: Suppression and restoration of lesion formation in Arabidopsis Isd mutants. Plant Cell 7: 2013–2022 (1995).
Willekens H, Villarroel, Van Camp W, Van Montagu M, Inzé D: Molecular identification of catalases from Nicotinana plumbaginfolia (L). FEBS Lett 352: 79–83 (1994).
Willekens H, Langebartels C, Tire C, Van Montagu M, Inzé D, Van Camp W: Differential expression of catalase genes in Nicotinana plumbagiifolia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 10450–10454 (1994).
Wu G, Shortt BJ, Lawrence EB, Levine EB, Fitzsimmons KC, Shah DM: Disease resistance conferred by expression of a gene encoding H2O2-generating glucose oxidase in transgenic potato plants. Plant Cell 7: 1357–1368 (1995).
Yu D, Liu Fan B, Klessig DF, Chen Z: Is the high basal level of salicylic acid important for disease resistance in potato? Plant Physiol 115: 343–349 (1997).
Zhu B, Chen THH, Li PH: Analysis of late-blight disease resistance and freezing tolerance in transgenic potato plants expressing sense and antisense genes for an osmotin-like protein. Planta 198: 70–77 (1996).