Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 383–397

Relationships Between Treatment Components, Client-Level Factors, and Positive Treatment Outcomes

  • Robert G. Orwin
  • Bruce Ellis
  • Valerie Williams
  • Michael Maranda
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1007647908882

Cite this article as:
Orwin, R.G., Ellis, B., Williams, V. et al. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (2000) 22: 383. doi:10.1023/A:1007647908882

Abstract

How different amounts and components of treatment affect substance abuse treatment outcomes is fundamentally important to evaluating current treatment practices and recommending improvements. Through a secondary analysis of data from the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study (NTIES), the present study examined the relationships between treatment components, client-level factors, and positive treatment outcomes. Several components were shown tohave significant effects on the odds of a positive outcome, over and above the effects of client background characteristics. Depending on treatment modality, these included length of stay; whether or not clients reported seeing their treatment plan hours per month in group and individual counseling; utilization ofeducational, vocational, and other ancillary services; use of antianxiety and drug and alcohol medications; and client matching. Several interactions between client-level factors and treatment components were also observed. Studylimitations are discussed, followed by implications for policy and practiceand suggestions for further research.

substance abusesubstance abuse treatmenttreatment componenttreatment outcomes

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert G. Orwin
    • 1
  • Bruce Ellis
    • 1
  • Valerie Williams
    • 1
  • Michael Maranda
    • 1
  1. 1.Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and EvaluationUSA