Indoor and outdoor aeromycological survey in Burdwan, West Bengal, India
Cite this article as: Chakraborty, S., Sen, S.K. & Bhattacharya, K. Aerobiologia (2000) 16: 211. doi:10.1023/A:1007644300296 Abstract
A comparative survey of airborne fungal spores in fiveindoor and five outdoor environments in Burdwan, WestBengal, India, was carried out for a period of twoyears using rotorod samplers and sedimentation plates(culture plate). A total of 29 spore types wereidentified, of which three were Phycomycetous (
Mucor, Rhizopus, Syncephalastrum), one Ascomycetous( Chaetomium), one Basidiomycetous ( Ganoderma) and the remainder were Fungi Imperfecti. The results revealed lowest count during summer andmaximum during the rainy season. Aspergilluswas quite abundant in all the environments surveyed. The predominance of Aspergillus, Curvularia,Alternaria, Cladosporium, Drechslera, Fusarium in allthe surveyed environments has been attributed to theirability to grow in various substrata. The occurrenceof Cladosporium in the winter months suggestthat it is sensitive to high temperature. Allspore types were common in both environmentsexcept Bispora, Cercospora, Papularia, Spegazzinia, Trichothecium in the outdoor sites. Acorrelation has been made between the volumetriccomposition of airspora and the incidence of seasonalmold allergy. aeromycology Burdwan India indoor outdoor References
Agarwal M.K., Shivpuri D.N. and Mukherjee K.G.: 1969, Studies on the allergenic fungal spores of Delhi, India, Metropolitan area, Botanical aspect.
The British Aerobiology Federation: 1995,
A Guide to Trapping and Counting
. Kimberly, Clark Ltd.: U.K.
Barat R. and Das A.C.: 1963, Fungi of allergenic significance in air over Calcutta.
Bernton H.S.: 1930, Asthma due to a mold
J. Am. Med. Assoc.
Chakravorty R. and Nandi P.: 1972, Effect of incubation temperature on
isolated from air.
Chakravorty R. and Sinha S.: 1985, The incidence of
in the indoor and outdoor environments of Calcutta, India.
Hjelmroos M.: 1993, Relationship between airborne fungal spore presence and weather variables-
Ingold C.T.: 1954, Fungi and water.
Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc.
Lopez M. and Salvaggio E.J.: 1983,
Climate-Weather-Air Pollution Allergy: Principle and Practice
(2nd ed.). Eds. Middleton, E., Reed, C.E. and Ellis, E.F. C.V. Mosby St. Souis: Toronto, pp. 1203-1214.
Meredith D.S.: 1962, Some components of the airspora in Jamaican banana plantations.
Ann. Appl. Biol.
Meredith D.S.: 1963, Violent spore release in some fungi imperfecti.
Mishra J.K. and Jamil Z: 1991, Fungi in the indoor environment of flour mill in Lucknow. Allergic potentialities of some Aspergilli on human.
PerkinsW.A.: 1957, The Rotorod Sampler-2nd Semi Annual Rept. Aerosol. Lab. Dept. Chemistry & Chem. Eng. Stenford Univ. 241 p.
Plant Pathologist's Pocket Book: 1968, Compiled by The Commonwealth Mycological Institute: New Surrey, England, 241 p.
Raha S. and Bhattacharya K.N.: 1992, Studies in indoor and outdoor aeromycoflora of Santiniketan, West Bengal with reference to respiratory allergy.
Ind. J. Aerobiol.(Special Volume), 171-178.
Santra S.C. and Chanda S.: 1989, Airborne fungal flora in indoor environments of Calcutta metrolpolis, India.
Sheldon J.M, Lovell R.G. and Mathews K.P. (eds.): 1967,
A Manual of Clinical Allergy
. W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia.
Shivpuri D.N. 1962, Comparative evaluation of the sensitivity of common methods of diagnostic antigen tests in the patients of respiratory allergy.
Indian J. Chest Dis.
Sreeramulu T. and Vittal B.P.R.: 1966, Some aerobiological observations on the rice stackburn fungus,
Stytis D.P., Stobo J.D., Fudenberg H. and Wells J.V.: 1982,
Basic and Clinical Immunology
. 4th Ed. Lange Medical Publication, Maruzen Asia (pvt.) Ltd., 409.
Tilak S.T. and Rao, R.: 1988, Atmospheric concentration of the basidiospores of
Ind. J. Aerobiol.
Vijay H.M., Burton M., Young N.M., Corlett M. and Bernstein I.L.: 1989, Comparative studies of allergens from mycelia and culture media of four new strains of
Vijay H.M., Burton M., Young N.M. Copeland D.F. and Corlett M.: 1991a, Allergic components of isolates of
Vijay H.M., Comtois P., Sharma R.L. and Lemieuk R.: 1991b, Allergic components of
Vittal B.P.R. and Glory A.L.: 1985, Airborne fungal spores of a library in India.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000