Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes of Treatment for Women
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- Gerstein, D.R. & Johnson, R.A. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (2000) 22: 325. doi:10.1023/A:1007639707065
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This paper analyzes the demographic and pretreatment characteristics of maleand female participants in the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study,including the women's treatment experiences and the outcomes of various types of substance abuse treatment. Follow-up of a multisite sample of 1,374 women and 3,037 men indicates minimal differences exist between menand women in the outcomes of five modalities of substance abuse treatment. Treatment appears to reduce women's drug and alcohol use and illegal activities and increase their levels of employment. Demographic and pretreatment characteristics are only modestly associated with differences in treatment outcomes, and differential service receipt has inconsistent effects on outcomes.