The Istituto Superiore di Sanità (The Italian National Institute of Health) has been collecting information regarding organ donation and transplantation in Italy. Herein we describe organ procurement and transplant activity in Italy in the years 1992–1997 and show some of the characteristics regarding both donors and transplanted patients who received kidneys, hearts, livers and lungs. Although transplantation in Italy has been very difficult because of shortage of organ donors, national rates have been improving year after year. The present situation should ameliorate further to enable Italy to reach the same level of other advanced European countries.
Organ donation Transplantation activity Transplant units