Habitat partitioning in a community of darters in the Elk River, West Virginia Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Welsh, S.A. & Perry, S.A. Environmental Biology of Fishes (1998) 51: 411. doi:10.1023/A:1007428930851 Abstract
Microhabitat use and habitat partitioning for 10 darter species (Percidae: Etheostomatini) were studied by direct observation (snorkeling) at five sites in the Elk River drainage, West Virginia, U.S.A. We used canonical discriminant analysis and univariate tests to determine microhabitat variables that were important in segregating species. Darter species were segregated by depth, substrate size, and water velocity. In addition, Percina typically occurred in the water column, whereas species of Etheostoma were benthic and segregated by occurring under, between, and on top of rocks.
resource use microhabitat Percina Etheostoma fishes References cited
Bain, M.B. 1985. Quantifying stream substrate for habitat analysis studies. N. Amer. J. Fish. Manag. 5: 499–506.
Chipps, S.R., W.B. Perry & S.A. Perry. 1994. Patterns of microhabitat use among four species of darters in three Appalachian streams. Amer. Midl. Nat. 131: 175–180.
Fisher, W.L. & W.D. Pearson. 1987. Patterns of resource utilization among four species of darters in three central Kentucky streams. pp 69–76.
: W.J. Matthews & D.C. Heins (ed.) Community and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Stream Fishes, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
Greenberg, L.A. 1991. Habitat use and feeding behavior of thirteen species of benthic stream fishes. Env. Biol. Fish. 31: 389–401.
Hlohowskyj, I. & A.M. White. 1983. Food resource partitioning and selectivity by the greenside, rainbow, and fantail darters (Pisces: Percidae). Ohio J. Sci. 83: 201–208.
Hlohowskyj, I. & T.E. Wissing. 1986. Substrate selection by fantail (
), greenside (
) and rainbow (
) darters. Ohio J. Sci. 86: 124–129.
Ingersoll, C.G. & D.L. Claussen. 1984. Temperature selection and critical thermal maxima of the fantail darter,
, and the johnny darter,
, related to habitat and season. Env. Biol. Fish. 11: 131–138.
Kessler, R.K., A.F. Casper & G.K. Weddle. 1995. Temporal variation in microhabitat use and spatial relations in the benthic fish community of a stream. Amer. Midl. Nat. 134: 361–370.
Kessler, R.K. & J.H. Thorp. 1993. Microhabitat segregation of the threatened spotted darter (
) and closely related orangefin darter (
) Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50: 1084–1091.
Martin, F.D. 1984. Diets of four sympatric species of
(Pisces: Percidae) from southern Indiana: interspecific and intraspecific multiple comparisons. Env. Biol. Fish. 11: 113–120.
Matthews, W.J. 1985. Critical current speeds and microhabitats of the benthic fishes
. Env. Biol. Fish. 12: 303–308.
Page, L.M. 1978. Redescription, distribution, variation, and life history notes on
(Percidae). Copeia 1978: 655–664.
Page, L.M. & D.L. Swofford. 1984. Morphological correlates of ecological specialization in darters. Env. Biol. Fish. 11: 139–159.
Paine, M.D., J.J. Dodson & G. Power. 1982. Habitat and food resource partitioning among four species of darters (Percidae:
) in a southern Ontario stream. Can. J. Zool. 60: 1635–1641.
Ross, S.T. 1986. Resource partitioning in fish assemblages: a review of field studies. Copeia 1986: 352–388.
Schlosser, I.J. & L.A. Toth. 1984. Niche relationships and population ecology of rainbow (
) and fantail (
) darters in a temporally variable environment. Oikos 42: 229–238.
Simonson, T.D. 1993. Correspondence and relative precision of stream habitat features estimated at two spatial scales. J. Freshw. Eco. 8: 363–373.
Smart, H.J. & J.H. Gee. 1979. Coexistence and resource partitioning in two species of darters (Percidae),
. Can. J. Zool. 57: 2061–2071.
Stauffer, J.R., J.M. Boltz & L.R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia. 389 pp.
Stauffer, J.R., J.M. Boltz, K.A. Kellogg & E.S. van Snik. 1996. Microhabitat partitioning in a diverse assemblage of darters in the Allegheny River system. Env. Biol. Fish. 46: 37–44.
Stiles, R.A. 1972. The comparative ecology of three species of
) in Tennessee's Little River. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 96 pp.
Winn, H.E. 1958. Comparative reproductive behavior and ecology of fourteen species of darters (Pisces-Percidae). Ecol. Monog. 28: 155–191.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998