European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 13, Issue 8, pp 951–957

Distribution of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genomic groups in Europe, a review

  • Z. Habálek
  • J. Halouzka

DOI: 10.1023/A:1007426304900

Cite this article as:
Habálek, Z. & Halouzka, J. Eur J Epidemiol (1997) 13: 951. doi:10.1023/A:1007426304900


The survey is based on a total of 1263 records (738 isolations and 525 molecular DNA detections) of five Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. genomic groups available from 26 European countries: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. afzelii, B. garinii, B. valaisiana (= VS116) and B. lusitaniae (= PoTiB2). It shows the geographic distribution, the source (ixodid ticks 802 records, fleas 2 records, mosquitoes 2 records, wild mammals 66 records, human patients 391 records) and the association of the genomic groups with particular clinical manifestations of Lyme borreliosis in humans (B. afzelii significantly prevails in skin lesions whereas B. garinii is more often associated with neuroborreliosis). The most frequent genomic groups in Europe are B. garinii (501 records) and B. afzelii (469 records). They occur across the continent and islands, whereas the third frequent genomic group, B. burgdorferi s.s. (201 records), has only rarely been isolated in eastern Europe. The remaining genomic groups, i.e. B. valaisiana (85 records) and B. lusitaniae (7 records) have only been isolated from, or detected in, Ixodes ricinus ticks in a few European countries.

Borrelia genospecies Clinical manifestations Distribution Fleas Ixodid ticks Lyme borreliosis Mammals Mosquitoes 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Habálek
    • 1
  • J. Halouzka
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Landscape EcologyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic