European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 613–622

Health behaviours and socio-economic status in Ontario, Canada

  • Joceline Pomerleau
  • Linda L. Pederson
  • Truls Østbye
  • Mark Speechley
  • Kathy N. Speechley
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1007339720807

Cite this article as:
Pomerleau, J., Pederson, L.L., Østbye, T. et al. Eur J Epidemiol (1997) 13: 613. doi:10.1023/A:1007339720807

Abstract

Data from the 1990 Ontario Health Survey were used to investigate the association of socio-economic status with the likelihood of meeting current recommendations for four health behaviours (smoking, fat intake, alcohol consumption, and physical activity level) in adults living in Ontario (Canada). Health behaviours were categorised as ‘unhealthy’ if they did not meet current recommendations in Ontario (smoking, fat intake < 30% of dietary energy, alcohol intake < 14 units per week, low level of leisure-time physical activity). Two summary variables based on the number ofÔ unhealthyÕ behaviours were also examined: the crude number of ‘unhealthy’ behaviours reported and the likelihood of reporting 3 or 4 ‘unhealthy’ behaviours. Four measures of socio-economic status were used: educational achievement, household income status, source of household income, and occupational prestige. Multiple logistic and linear regression analyses were performed to explore the association of each ‘unhealthy’ behaviour and of the summary variables with socio-economic status indicators (taken independently or simultaneously), controlling for demographic characteristics. Except for the positive relationship between income status and high alcohol intake, measures of ‘unhealthy’ behaviours were inversely associated with the socio-economic indices, suggesting that individuals in lower socio-economic groups are at an increased risk for health problems.

Alcohol drinkingDietary fatsExerciseHealth behaviourSmokingSocio-economic factors

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joceline Pomerleau
    • 1
  • Linda L. Pederson
    • 2
    • 3
  • Truls Østbye
    • 4
  • Mark Speechley
    • 5
    • 6
  • Kathy N. Speechley
    • 7
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, Epidemiology UnitLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Community Health and Preventive MedicineMorehouse School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Drew Mehavy Morehouse Consortium Cancer CenterUSA
  4. 4.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  5. 5.Southwest Region Health Information PartnershipLondonCanada
  6. 6.Department of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsUniversity of Western OntarioCanada
  7. 7.Department of Paediatrics, and Child Health Research InstituteLondonCanada