, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 171-186

Plant Responses to Drought, Acclimation, and Stress Tolerance

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Abstract

At the whole plant level, the effect of stress is usually perceived as a decrease in photosynthesis and growth. That is why this review is focused mainly on the effect of drought on photosynthesis, its injury, and mechanisms of adaptation. The analysed literature shows that plants have evolved a number of adaptive mechanisms that allow the photochemical and biochemical systems to cope with negative changes in environment, including increased water deficit. In addition, the acquisition of tolerance to drought includes both phenotypic and genotypic changes. The approaches were made to identify those metabolic steps that are most sensitive to drought. Some studies also examined the mechanisms controlling gene expression and putative regulatory pathways.