, Volume 214, Issue 1, pp 31-38

Effect of ethylisopropyl amiloride, a Na+-H+ exchange inhibitor, on cardioprotective effect of ischaemic and angiotensin preconditioning

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The present study is designed to investigate the role of Na+-H+ exchanger in the cardioprotective effect of ischaemic and angiotensin (Ang II) preconditioning. Isolated perfused rat heart was subjected to global ischaemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Coronary effluent was analysed for LDH and CK release to assess the degree of cardiac injury. Myocardial infarct size was estimated macroscopically using TTC staining. Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and dp/dt were recorded to evaluate myocardial contractility. Four episodes of ischaemic or Ang II preconditioning markedly reduced LDH and CK release in coronary effluent and decreased myocardial infarct size. 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA), a Na+-H+ exchange inhibitor, produced no marked effect on ischaemic preconditioning and Ang II preconditioning induced cardioprotection. On the other hand, EIPA administration prior to global ischaemia produced a similar reduction in myocardial injury as was noted with ischaemic preconditioning or Ang II preconditioning. On the basis of these results, it may be concluded that inhibition of Na+-H+ exchanger protects against ischaemia-reperfusion induced myocardial injury whereas activation of Na+-H+ exchanger may not mediate the cardioprotective effect of ischaemic and Ang II preconditioning.