Antioxidant properties of aspirin: Characterization of the ability of aspirin to inhibit silica-induced lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, NF-κB activation, and TNF-α production
- Cite this article as:
- Shi, X., Ding, M., Dong, Z. et al. Mol Cell Biochem (1999) 199: 93. doi:10.1023/A:1006934612368
- 336 Downloads
Electron spin resonance (ESR) was used to investigate the reaction of aspirin toward reactive oxygen species, such as hydroxyl radicals (·OH), superoxide radicals (O2-) and H2O2. The Fenton reaction (Fe(II) + H2O2 ---> FE(III) + -OH + OR) was used as a source of -OH radicals. The results show that aspirin is an efficient -OH radical scavenger with a reaction rate constant of k = 3.6 x 1010 M-1sec-1, which is faster than several well established antioxidants, such as ascorbate, glutathione and cysteine. However, aspirin is not a good scavenger for O2- or H2O2. Through its antioxidant property, aspirin exhibited a protective effect against silica-induced lipid peroxidation and DNA strand breakage. Aspirin also inhibited the activation of nuclear transcription factor-κb induced by silica, lipopolysaccharide or the transition metal, Fe(II), as demonstrated by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The results show that aspirin functions as an antioxidant via its ability to scavenge -OH radicals. This antioxidant property may explain some of its various physiological and pharmacological actions.