Protection by ebselen against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity: Antioxidant system
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- Husain, K., Morris, C., Whitworth, C. et al. Mol Cell Biochem (1998) 178: 127. doi:10.1023/A:1006889427520
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This study was designed to investigate the cisplatin-induced alteration in renal antioxidant system and the nephroprotection with ebselen. Male Wistar rats were injected with (1) vehicle control; (2) cisplatin; (3) ebselen; and (4) cisplatin plus ebselen. Rats were sacrificed three days post-treatment and plasma as well as kidney were isolated and analyzed. Plasma creatinine increased 598% following cisplatin administration alone which decreased by 158% with ebselen pretreatment. Cisplatin-treated rats showed a depletion of renal glutathione (GSH) levels (52% of control), while cisplatin plus ebselen injected rats had GSH values close to the controls. Antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities decreased 38, 75 and 62% of control, respectively, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels increased 174% of control following cisplatin administration, which were restored to control levels after ebselen treatment. The renal platinum level did not significantly change with ebselen pretreatment. This study suggests that the protection offered by ebselen against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is partly related to the sparing of antioxidant system.