, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 13-17

Constraints to effective pollution control and management in Nigeria

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Abstract

The issue of environmental protection and the need to establish the practice of environmental friendly programmes in national development consciousness are matters of paramount importance. While environmental consciousness in the developed world has witnessed over the past two decades generally effective mechanisms for pollution abatement, the situation in many third world nations is at best tepid.

In Nigeria, the problem of environmental pollution has been of crisis proportions with the problem in some sectors possibly the worst in the world. In response, the government has put in place legislation and established agencies for environmental protection. A number of positive results have been achieved by the nation's main environmental watchdog, the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA). However, a lot still needs to be done, in terms of improving institutional capacity and adopting economic measures for the management of pollution problems.

This paper, therefore, examines the major sources of Nigeria's environmental problems, discusses the weaknesses of existing legal and institutional arrangements and suggests strategies for a more effective pollution control management in Nigeria.