International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 71–84

Simultaneous Measurements of the Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity of Molten Salts with a Transient Short-Hot-Wire Method

  • X. Zhang
  • M. Fujii

DOI: 10.1023/A:1006604820755

Cite this article as:
Zhang, X. & Fujii, M. International Journal of Thermophysics (2000) 21: 71. doi:10.1023/A:1006604820755


A transient short-hot-wire technique has been successfully used to measure the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of molten salts (NaNO3, Li2CO3/K2CO3, and Li2CO3/Na2CO3) which are highly corrosive. This method was developed from the hot-wire technique and is based on two-dimensional numerical solutions of unsteady heat conduction from a short wire with the same length-to-diameter ratio and boundary conditions as those used in the actual experiments. In the present study, the wires are coated with a pure Al2O3 thin film by using a sputtering apparatus. The length and radius of the hot wire and the resistance ratio of the lead terminals and the entire probe are calibrated using water and toluene with known thermophysical properties. Using such a calibrated probe, the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of molten nitrate are measured within errors of 3 and 20%, respectively. Also, the thermal conductivity of the molten carbonates can be measured within an error of 5%, although the thermal diffusivity can be measured within an error of 50%.

molten carbonatesmolten nitratethermal conductivitythermal diffusivitytransient short-hot-wire technique

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. Zhang
    • 1
  • M. Fujii
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Material StudyKyushu UniversityKasugaJapan