, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 131-142

Eight hundred years of clonal forestry in China: I. traditional afforestation with Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.)

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Abstract

In China, traditional afforestation and reforestation systems using Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) stump cuttings and stecklings (plantable rooted cuttings) have been implemented on a large scale for at least 800 years. These systems employ: extensive site preparation, wide spacing, interplanting with agricultural crops, planting in mosaics of small-family or clonal blocks, small-block clearcut harvesting, and regenerating with cuttings, stecklings, and stump sprouts (coppicing). Clones have been selected to be well adapted to forest sites, and problems with disease and insect infestations have been rare. Traditional methods of producing, storing and planting cuttings, stecklings and stump sprouts are described.