Extracellular Glutamate and Other Metabolites in and Around RG2 Rat Glioma: An Intracerebral Microdialysis Study
- Cite this article as:
- Behrens, P., Langemann, H., Strohschein, R. et al. J Neurooncol (2000) 47: 11. doi:10.1023/A:1006426917654
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The current study determined the extracellular content of glutamate, 10 additional amino acids, lactate, glucose and some antioxidants in a rodent model of malignant glioma, its peritumoral space and the adjacent cortex. RG2 tumors were induced in the right frontal cortex of Fischer-344 rats (n=10) by a standardized procedure to obtain a maximum sagittal tumor width of 3–4 mm diameter. After confirmation of tumor growth and localization by contrast enhanced MRI three microdialysis probes were implanted simultaneously in the cortex: at the tumor implantation site (tumor), 2 mm caudally, brain around tumor (BAT) and 4 mm caudally (cortex) to the site of implantation. Dialysate concentrations of glutamate were increased 3.9-fold in tumor and 2-fold in BAT compared with cortex. Glycine was elevated 11.4-fold in tumor and 2.6-fold in BAT. Lactate was increased 1.7-fold in tumor, 1.2-fold in BAT. Levels of glucose, ascorbic acid and uric acid were not significantly different in tumor, BAT and cortex. The increased dialysate levels of glutamate and glycine in the peritumoral space may contribute to impaired neuronal function and epileptiform activity associated with this tumor type in humans.