Administration of a targeted cytotoxic analog of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone inhibits growth of estrogen-independent MDA-MB-231 human breast cancers in nude mice
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- Kahán, Z., Nagy, A., Schally, A.V. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2000) 59: 255. doi:10.1023/A:1006352401912
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Receptor targeted chemotherapy is less toxic and more effective than conventional chemotherapy. Receptors for luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) are found in about 50% of human breast cancers. Highly potent cytotoxic radical 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (AN-201) was linked to the agonistic analog [D-Lys6]LH-RH to form cytotoxic LH-RH analog AN-207. We evaluated whether AN-207 could be targeted to the hormone-independent MDA-MB-231 human breast cancers. Nude mice bearing MDA-MB-231 tumors were injected i.v. with 250 nmol/kg doses of cytotoxic radical AN-201, cytotoxic LH-RH analog AN-207, the unconjugated mixture of AN-201 and carrier [D-Lys6]LH-RH, [D-Lys6]LH-RH alone and vehicle (control). The growth of MDA-MB-231 tumors in animals given a single dose of AN-207 was inhibited significantly (p=0.01) for 3 weeks after injection, whereas tumors in all the other groups grew steadily. All cytotoxic compounds produced leukopenia, but the strongest lymphocyte suppression was caused by cytotoxic radical AN-201. Three weeks after treatment, the presence of mRNA for LH-RH receptors was demonstrated by RT-PCR in all the groups and radioreceptor assays demonstrated high-affinity binding sites for LH-RH on tumor cell membranes of control animals and those treated with AN-201, the carrier peptide alone or in combination with AN-201. At this time point binding assays did not reveal the expression of membrane proteins in tumors treated with AN-207, but 60 days after administration of AN-207, high affinity LH-RH binding sites were found again in MDA-MB-231 tumors. These results indicate that cytotoxic LH-RH analog AN-207 could be utilized for receptor targeted chemotherapy of breast cancers expressing receptors for LH-RH.