Bell, E. and Mullet, J.E. 1993. Characterization of an Arabidopsis lipoxygenase gene responsive to methyl jasmonate and wounding. Plant Physiol. 103: 1133–1137.
Berger, S., Bell, E., Sadka, A. and Mullet, J.E. 1995. Arabidopsis thaliana AtVsp is homologous to soybean VspA and VspB, genes encoding vegetative storage protein acid phosphatases, and is regulated similarly by methyl jasmonate, wounding, sugars, light and phosphate. Plant Mol. Biol. 27: 933–942.
Boller, T. 1991. Ethylene in pathogenesis and disease resistance. In: A.K. Mattoo, J.C. Suttle (Eds.), The Plant Hormone Ethylene, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 293–314.
Cao, H., Bowling, S.A., Gordon, A.S. and Dong, X. 1994. Characterization of an Arabidopsis mutant that is nonresponsive to inducers of systemic acquired resistance. Plant Cell 6: 1583–1592.
Clarke, J.D., Liu, Y., Klessig, D.F. and Dong, X. 1998. Uncoupling PR gene expression from NPR1 and bacterial resistance: characterization of the dominant Arabidopsis cpr6–1 mutant. Plant Cell 10: 557–569.
Cohen, Y., Gisi, U. and Niderman, T. 1993. Local and systemic protection against Phytophthora infestans induced in potato and tomato plants by jasmonic acid and jasmonic methyl ester. Phytopathology 83: 1054–1062.
Creelman, R.A. and Mullet, J.E. 1997. Biosynthesis and action of jasmonates in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 48: 355–381.
Delaney, T.P., Uknes, S., Vernooij, B., Friedrich, L., Weymann, K., Negrotto, D., Gaffney, T., Gur-Rella, M., Kessmann, H., Ward, E. and Ryals, J. 1994. A central role of salicylic acid in plant disease resistance. Science 266: 1247–1250.
Delaney, T.P., Friedrich, L. and Ryals, J.A. 1995. Arabidopsis signal transduction mutant defective in chemically and biologically induced disease resistance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92: 6602–6606.
Doares, S.H., Narváez-Vásquez, J., Conconi, A. and Ryan, C. 1994. Salicylic acid inhibits synthesis of proteinase inhibitors in tomato leaves induced by systemin and jasmonic acid. Plant Physiol. 108: 1741–1746.
Dong, X. 1998. SA, JA, ethylene, and disease resistance in plants. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 1: 316–323.
Farmer, E.E. and Ryan, C.A. 1992. Octadecanoid precursors of jasmonic acid activate the synthesis of wound-inducible proteinase inhibitors. Plant Cell 4: 129–134.
Feinberg, A.P. and Vogelstein, G. 1983. A technique for radiola-belling DNA restriction endonuclease fragments to high specific activity. Anal. Biochem. 132: 6–13.
Gaffney, T., Friedrich, L., Vernooij, B., Negrotto, D., Nye, G., Uknes, S., Ward, E., Kessmann, H. and Ryals, J. 1993. Requirement of salicylic acid for the induction of systemic acquired resistance. Science 261: 754–756.
Hammond-Kosack, K.E. and Jones, J.D.G. 1996. Resistance gene-dependent plant defense responses. Plant Cell 8: 1773–1791.
Heitz, T., Geoffroy, P., Fritig, B. and Legrand, M. The PR-6 family: proteinase inhibitors in plant-microbe and plant-insects interactions. In: S.K. Datta and S. Muthukrishnan (Eds.); Pathogenesis-Related Proteins in Plants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 131–155.
Katz, V.A., Thulke, O.U. and Conrath, U. 1998. A benzothiadiazole primes parsley cells for augmented elicitation of defense responses. Plant Physiol. 117: 1333–1339.
Kauss, H., Theisinger-Hinkel, E., Midermann, R. and Conrath, U. 1992. Dichloroisonicotinic and salicylic acid, inducers of systemic acquired resistance, enhance fungal elicitor responses in parsley cells. Plant J. 2: 655–660.
Kauss, H., Franke, R., Krause, K., Conrath, U., Jeblick, W., Grimmig, B. and Matern, U. 1993. Conditioning of parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) suspension cells increases elicitor-induced incorporation of cell wall phenolics. Plant Physiol. 102: 459–466.
Kauss, H., Jeblick, W., Ziegler, J. and Krabler, W. 1994. Pretreatment of parsley (Petroselinum crispum L.) suspension cultures with methyl jasmonate enhances elicitation of activated oxygen species. Plant Physiol. 105: 89–94.
King, E.O., Ward, M.K. and Raney, D.E. 1954. Two simple media for the demonstration of phycocyanin and fluorescin. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 44: 301–307.
Kombrink, E. and Somssich, I.E. 1997. Pathogenesis-related proteins and plant defense. In: G. Carroll and P. Tudzynski (Eds.), The Mycota V, Part A. Plant Relationships, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 107–128.
Kunkel, B.N., Bent, A.F., Dahlbeck, D., Innes, R.W. and Staskawicz, B.J. 1993. RPS2,anArabidopsis disease resistance locus specifying recognition of Pseudomonas syringae strains expressing the avirulence gene avrRpt2. Plant Cell 5: 865–875.
Lawton, K.A., Potter, S.L., Uknes, S. and Ryals, J. 1994. Acquired resistance signal transduction in Arabidopsis is ethylene independent. Plant Cell 6: 581–588.
Lawton, K., Weymann, K., Friedrich, L., Vernooij, B., Uknes, S. and Ryals, J. 1995. Systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis requires salicylic acid but not ethylene. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 8: 863–870.
Lawton, K.A., Friedrich, L., Hunt, M., Weymann, K., Delaney, T., Kessmann, H., Staub, T. and Ryals, J. 1996. Benzothiadiazole induces disease resistance in Arabidopsis by activation of the systemic acquired resistance signal transduction pathway. Plant J. 10: 71–82.
Linthorst, H.J.M., Brederode, F.Th., van der Does, C. and Bol, J.F. 1993. Tobacco proteinase I genes are locally, but not systemically induced by stress. Plant Mol. Biol. 21: 985–992.
Malamy, J., Carr, J.P., Klessig, D.F. and Raskin, I. 1990. Salicylic acid: a likely endogenous signal in the resistance response of tobacco to viral infection. Science 250: 1002–1004.
Mauch-Mani, B. and Slusarenko, A.J. 1996. Production of salicylic acid precursors is a major function of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in the resistance of Arabidopsis to Peronospora parasitica. Plant Cell 8: 203–212.
McConn, M., Creelman, R.A., Bell, E., Mullet, J.E. and Browse, J. 1997. Jasmonate is essential for insect defense in Arabidopsis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94: 5473–5477.
Melan, M.A., Dong, X., Endara, M.E., Davis, K.R., Ausubel, F.M. and Peterman, T.K. 1993. An Arabidopsis thaliana lipoxygenase gene can be induced by pathogens, abscisic acid, and methyl jasmonate. Plant Physiol. 101: 441–450.
Métraux, J.-P., Signer, H., Ryals, J., Ward, E., Wyss-Benz, M., Gaudin, J., Raschdorf, K., Schmid, E., Blum, W. and Inverardi, B. 1990. Increase in salicylic acid at the onset of systemic acquired resistance in cucumber. Science 250: 1004–1006.
Mur, L.A.J., Naylor, G., Warner, S.A.J., Sugars, J.M., White, R.F. and Draper, J. 1996. Salicylic acid potentiates defence gene expression in tissue exhibiting acquired resistance to pathogen attack. Plant J. 9: 559–571.
Niki, T., Mitsuhara, I., Seo, S., Ohtsubo, N. and Ohashi, Y. 1998. Antagonistic effect of salicylic acid and jasmonic acid on the expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) protein genes in wounded mature tobacco plants. Plant Cell Physiol. 39: 500–507.
O'Donnell, P.J., Calvert, C., Atzorn, R., Wasternack, C., Leyser, H.M.O. and Bowles, D.J. 1996. Ethylene as a signal mediating the wound response of tomato plants. Science 274: 1914–1917.
Osbourn, A.E. 1996. Preformed antimicrobial compounds and plant defense against fungal attack. Plant Cell 8: 1821–1831.
Penninckx, I.A.M.A., Eggermont, K., Terras, F.R.G., Thomma, B.P.H.J., De Samblanx, G.W., Buchala, A., Métraux, J.-P., Manners, J.M. and Broekaert, W.F. 1996. Pathogen-induced systemic activation of a plant defensin gene in Arabidopsis follows a salicylic acid-independent pathway. Plant Cell 8: 2309–2323.
Penninckx, I.A.M.A., Thomma, B.P.H.J., Buchala, A., Métraux, J.-P. and Broekaert, W.F. 1998. Concomitant activation of jasmonate and ethylene response pathways is required for induction of a plant defensin gene in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 10: 2103–2113.
Pieterse, C.M.J. and van Loon, L.C. 1999. Salicylic acid-independent plant defence pathways. Trends Plant Sci. 4: 52–58.
Pieterse, C.M.J., van Wees, S.C.M., Hoffland, E., van Pelt, J.A. and van Loon, L.C. 1996. Systemic resistance in Arabidopsis induced by biocontrol bacteria is independent of salicylic acid and pathogenesis-related gene expression. Plant Cell 8: 1225–1237.
Pieterse, C.M.J., van Wees, S.C.M., van Pelt, J.A., Knoester, M., Laan, R., Gerrits, H., Weisbeek, P.J. and van Loon, L.C. 1998. A novel signalling pathway controlling induced systemic resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 10: 1571–1580.
Potter, S., Uknes, S., Lawton, K., Winter, A.M., Chandler, D., DiMaio, J., Novitzky, R., Ward, E. and Ryals, J. 1993. Regulation of a hevein-like gene in Arabidopsis. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 6: 680–685.
Reymond, P. and Farmer, E.E. 1998. Jasmonate and salicylate as global signals for defense gene expression. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 1: 404–411.
Ryals, J.A., Neuenschwander, U.H., Willits, M.G., Molina, A., Steiner, H.-Y. and Hunt, M.D. 1996. Systemic acquired resistance. Plant Cell 8: 1809–1819.
Samac, D.A., Hironaka, C.M., Yallaly, P.E. and Shah, D.M. 1990. Isolation and characterization of the genes encoding basic and acidic chitinase in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiol. 93: 907–914.
Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.
Schweizer, P., Buchala, A. and Métraux, J.-P. 1997. Gene expression patterns and levels of jasmonic acid in rice treated with the resistance inducer 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid. Plant Physiol. 115: 61–70.
Shah, J., Tsui, F. and Klessig, D.F. 1997. Characterization of a salicylic acid-insensitive mutant (sai1) ofArabidopsis thaliana, identified in a selective screen utilizing the SA-inducible expression of the tms2 gene. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 10: 69–78.
Siedow, J.N. 1991. Plant lipoxygenases: structure and function. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 42: 145–188.
Thomma, B.P.H.J., Eggermont, K., Penninckx, I.A.M.A., Mauch-Mani, B., Cammue, B.P.A. and Broekaert, W.F. 1998. Separate jasmonate-dependent and salicylic acid-dependent defense response pathways in Arabidopsis are essential for resistance to distinct microbial pathogens. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 15107–15111.
Uknes, S., Mauch-Mani, B., Moyer, M., Potter, S., Williams, S., Dincher, S., Chandler, D., Slusarenko, A., Ward, E. and Ryals, J. 1992. Acquired resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 4: 645–656.
Uknes, S., Winter, A., Delaney, T., Vernooij, B., Friedrich, L., Morse, A., Potter, S., Ward, E. and Ryals, J. 1993. Biological induction of systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis.Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 6: 692–698.
van Loon, L.C. 1997. Induced resistance in plants and the role of pathogenesis-related proteins. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 103: 753–765.
van Loon, L.C., Bakker, P.A.H.M. and Pieterse, C.M.J. 1998. Systemic resistance induced by rhizosphere bacteria. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 36: 453–483.
van Peer, R., Niemann, G.J. and Schippers, B. 1991. Induced resistance and phytoalexin accumulation in biological control of fusarium wilt of carnation by Pseudomonas sp. strain WCS417r. Phytopathology 81: 728–734.
van Wees, S.C.M., Pieterse, C.M.J., Trijssenaar, A., van' t Westende, Y.A.M., Hartog, F. and van Loon, L.C. 1997. Differential induction of systemic resistance in Arabidopsis by biocontrol bacteria. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 10: 716–724.
Wanner, L.A., Li, G., Ware, D., Somssich, I.E. and Davis, K.R. 1995. The phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Mol. Biol. 27: 327–338.
Whalen, M.C., Innes, R.W., Bent, A.F. and Staskawicz, B.J. 1991. Identification of Pseudomonas syringae pathogens of Arabidopsis and a bacterial locus determining avirulence on both Arabidopsis and soybean. Plant Cell 3: 49–59.
Xu, Y., Chang, P.-F.L., Liu, D., Narasimhan, M.L., Raghothama, K.G., Hasegawa, P.M. and Bressan, R.A. 1994. Plant defense genes are synergistically induced by ethylene and methyl jasmonate. Plant Cell 6: 1077–1085.