, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 21-27

GC-MS-SIM analysis of abscisic acid and indole-3-acetic acid in shoot bark of apple rootstocks

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Abstract

Concentrations of abscisic acid and indole-3-acetic acid were measured by GC-MS-SIM in the shoot bark of clonal apple rootstocks (M.27, M.9, MM.106 and MM.111) when the rootstocks were growing actively in the UK. These rootstocks are known to exhibit a wide range of control of tree size when grafted to a common scion. Shoot bark of the dwarfing rootstocks (M.27 and M.9) contained higher concentrations than the more vigorous rootstocks (MM.106 and MM.111) of ABA. Concentrations of ABA increased from May to July, followed by a decline in August. Only the month of sampling showed any significant influence on the concentration of IAA in shoot bark; however, there was a general increase, although not significant statistically, in IAA concentration with the increasing invigoration-capacity of the rootstock. At each sampling date the dwarfing rootstocks showed greater ratios of ABA:IAA than the invigorating rootstocks and generally the ratio for each rootstock increased from May to July, except for M.27 which showed the smallest ratio in June and the largest ratio in August. The results are discussed in relation to the generally accepted control exerted by the rootstocks on tree size and the possible influence of ABA on polar auxin transport.