, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 43-73

Enzymes of chlorophyll biosynthesis

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The enzymes responsible for chlorophyll biosynthesis in plants, algae and cyanobacteria are identified and described, with emphasis on their protein composition and structure, required cofactors, physical and catalytic properties, protein-protein interactions and allosteric modulation of activity. Properties and features of the pathway that enable it to operate in a coordinated way while using unstable and light-sensitive intermediates in potentially hostile biochemical environments are discussed. The evolutionary relationships and possible origins of the chlorophyll biosynthetic enzymes are also discussed.