Agar, M. 1977 Going Through the Changes: Methadone in New York City. Human Organization 36(3): 291–295.
Agar, M. and R.C. Stephens 1975 The Methadone Street Scene. Psychiatry 38: 381–387.
Ball, J., C. Lange, P. Myers, and S.R. Friedman 1988 Reducing the Risk of AIDS Through Methadone Maintenance Treatment. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 29: 214–226.
Balter, M. 1996 New Clues to Brain Dopamine Control, Cocaine Addiction. Science 271(5251): 909.
Bourgois, P. 1998 Just Another Night in a Shooting Gallery. Theory, Culture, and Society 15(2).
Bourgois, P., M. Lettiere, and J. Quesada 1997 Social Misery and the Sanctions of Substance Abuse: Confronting HIV Risk Among Homeless Heroin Addicts in San Francisco. Social Problems 44(2): 155–173.
Caplehorn, J., J. Bell, D. Kleinbaum and V. Gebski 1993 Methadone Dose and Heroin Use During Maintenance Treatment. Addiction 88: 119–124.
Caputo, J. and M. Yount 1993 Institutions Normalization and Power. In Foucault and the Critique of Institutions. J. Caputo and M. Yount, eds, pp. 3–26. University Park PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
CESAR Fax 1997 NIH-Sponsored Independent Consensus Panel Calls for Increased Availability of Methadone Treatment with Less Government Regulation. December 1, 1997, 6(47).
Chavkin, W. and V. Breitbart 1997 Substance Abuse and Maternity: The United States as a Case Study. Addiction 92(9): 1201–1205.
Cooper, J. 1989 Methadone Treatment and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Journal of the American Medical Association 262(12): 1664–1668.
Crawford, R. 1984 A Cultural Account of ‘Health’: Control, Release, and the Social Body. In Issues in the Political Economy of Health Care. John McKinley, ed., pp. 60–103. New York: Tavistock Publications.
D'Aunno, T. and T. Vaughn 1992 Variations in Methadone Treatment Practices. Journal of the American Medical Association 267 (2): 253–258.
Dole, V. 1989 Methadone Treatment and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Epidemic. Journal of the American Medical Association 262(12): 1681–1682.
Dole, V.P. and M.E. Nyswander 1967 Heroin Addiction: A Metabolic Disease. Archives of Internal Medicine 120: 19–24.
11982 Performance-Based Rating of Methadone Maintenance Programs. New England Journal of Medicine 306(3): 169–172.
Finestone, H. 1957 Cats, Kicks, and Color. Social Problems 5(1): 3–13.
Foucault, M. 1982 The Subject and Power. In Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Hubert L. Dreyfus and Paul Rabinow, eds., pp. 208–226. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.
11981 Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977. Colin Gordon, ed., New York: Pantheon/Random House.
21979 Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prism. New York: Vintage Books.
Friedman, J. and M. Alicea 1995 Women and Heroin: The Path of Resistance and Its Consequences. Gender and Society 9(4): 432–449.
General Accounting Office 1990 Methadone Maintenance: Some Treatment Programs Are Not Effective; Greater Federal Oversight Needed. Report to the Chairman, Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, House of Representatives.
Goldsmith, D., D. Hunt, D. Lipton and D. Strug 1984 Methadone Folklore: Beliefs About Side-Effects and Their Impact Upon Treatment. Human Organization 43: 330–340.
Gourevitch, M. 1997 Methadone Treatment in the United States. Paper presented at Joint U.S. (NIH)-Russia Seminar on HIV Prevention Among Drug Users. Pavlov Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia, Oct 6–8.
Hunt, D., D. Strug, D. Goldsmith, D. Lipton, B. Spunt, L. Truitt and K. Robertson 1984 An Instant Shot of “Aah”: Cocaine Use Among Methadone Clients. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 16(3): 217–227.
Hunt, D. and D. Lipton 1986 The Costly Bonus: Cocaine Related Crime Among Methadone Treatment Clients. Advances in Alcohol and Substance Abuse 6(2): 107–122.
11985 It Takes Your Heart: The Image ofMethadone Among Street Addicts and Its Effect on Recruitment and Methadone Treatment. International Journal of the Addictions 20(11&12): 1751–1771.
Johnson, P. and J. Friedman 1993 Social Versus Physiological Motives in the Drug Careers of Methadone Clinic Clients. Deviant Behavior 14: 23–42.
Koester, S., K. Anderson, and L. Hoffer 1999 Active Heroin Injectors' Perceptions and Use of Methadone maintenance Treatment. Substance Use and Misuse.
Lupton, D. 1997 Foucault and the Medicalisation Critique, In Foucault, Health and Medicine. Alan Petersen and Robin Burton, eds, pp. 94–110. London: Routledge.
Maremmani, I., R. Roberto Nardini, O. Zolesi, and P. Castrogiovanni 1994 Methadone Dosages and Therapeutic Compliance During a Methadone Maintenance Program. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 34: 163–166.
Moore, L. and L. Wenger 1995 The Social Context of Needle Exchange and User Self-Organization in San Francisco: Possibilities and Pitfalls. Journal of Drug Issues 25(3): 583–598.
Murphy, S. and M. Rosenbaum 1988 Money for Methadone 2: Unintended Consequences of Limited Duration Methadone Maintenance. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 20(4): 397–402.
National Alliance of Methadone Advocates 1997 California Methadone Clinics Target of Fraud Probe; Clinic Reveals Patient Records to DEA, Patients Arrested. www.ndsn.org/AUGUST97/FRAUD.html National Consensus Development Panel
11998 Effective Medical Treatment of Opiate Addiction. Journal of the American Medical Association 280(22): 1936–1943.
Newman, R. 1987 Methadone Treatment: Defining and Evaluating Success. New England Journal of Medicine 317(7): 447–450.
O'Brien, C. 1997 A Range of Research-Based Pharmacotherapies for Addiction. Science 278: 66–70.
O'Malley, P. and S. Mugford 1992 Moral Technology: The Political Agenda of Random Drug Testing. Social Justice 18: 122–146.
Ong, A. 1995 Making the Biopolitical Subject: Cambodian Immigrants, Refugee Medicine, and Cultural Citizenship in California. Social Science and Medicine 40(9): 1243–1257.
Preble, E. and J. Casey, Jr. 1969 Taking Care of Business-The Heroin User's Life on the Street. The International Journal of the Addictions 4(1): 1–24.
Preble, E. and T. Miller 1977 Methadone, Wine and Welfare. In Street Ethnography. R.S. Weppner, ed., Los Angeles: Sage.
Rabinow, P. 1998 Discussant's comments on the panel “Foucault in the Social Sciences,” at the 69th Annual Meetings of the Pacific Sociological Association. San Francisco, April 16.
Rabinow, P., ed. 1984 The Foucault Reader. New York: Pantheon Books.
Rhoades, H., D. Creson, R. Elk, J. Schmitz, and J. Grabowski 1998 Retention, HIV Risk, and Illicit Drug Use during Treatment: Methadone Dose and Visit Frequency American Journal of Public Health 88(1): 34–39.
Rosenbaum, M. 1995 The Demedicalization of Methadone Maintenance. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 27(2): 145–149.
Rosenbaum, M. and S. Murphy 1987a Money for Methadone: Preliminary Findings from a Study of Alameda County's New Maintenance Policy. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 19(1): 13–19.
11987b Not the Picture of Health: Women on Methadone. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 19(2): 217–226.
1984 Always a Junkie?: The Arduous Task of Getting Off Methadone. Journal of Drug Issues 16(4): 527–552.
Smart, C. 1984 Social Policy and Drug Addiction: A Critical Study of Policy Development. British Journal of Addiction 79: 31–39.
Soloway, I.H. 1974 Methadone and the Culture of Addiction. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs 6(1): 1–99.
Spunt, B., D. Hunt, D. Lipton, and D. Goldsmith 1986 Methadone Diversion: A New Look. Journal of Drug Issues 16(4): 569–583.
Stephens, R. and R. Weppner 1973 Legal and Illegal Use of Methadone: One Year Later. American Journal of Psychiatry 130: 1391–1394.
Strug, D. 1985 Patterns of Cocaine Use Among Methadone Clients. International Journal of the Addictions 20(8): 1163–1175.
Sutter, A.G. 1966 The World of the Righteous Dope Fiend. Issues in Criminology 2(2): 177–222.
Uchtenhagen, A. 1997 Rapport de Synthese PROVE. Zurich: Institut fur Suchtforschung in Verbindung and Institut fur Sozial-Und Praventivmedizin, Universitat Zurich.
Valentine, B. 1978 Hustling and Other Hard Work: Lifestyles in the Ghetto. New York: The Free Press.
Weber, Max. 1958  The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Williams, R. 1977 Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.