Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 517–524

Comparison of Gastric Electrical Activity and Gastric Emptying in Healthy and Dyspeptic Children

  • Giuseppe Riezzo
  • Marisa Chiloiro
  • Vito Guerra
  • Osvaldo Borrelli
  • Gennaro Salvia
  • Salvatore Cucchiara
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1005493123557

Cite this article as:
Riezzo, G., Chiloiro, M., Guerra, V. et al. Dig Dis Sci (2000) 45: 517. doi:10.1023/A:1005493123557

Abstract

To assess and compare gastric electrical activity and gastric emptying recorded from dyspeptic and healthy children, cutaneous electrogastrography and ultrasound examination of the gastric emptying were simultaneously performed in 52 children with nonulcer dyspepsia and 114 healthy children. Symptoms were scored from 0 (none) to 6 (severe). A higher percentage of tachygastria, a higher instability of gastric power, and a lower post/preprandial ratio were present in dyspeptic children than healthy children. As regards the ultrasound parameters, the fasting antral area and T1/2 were similar in dyspeptic children and controls. Only 32% of dyspeptic children had a normal gastric emptying time vs 66% of healthy children. Marked postprandial antral dilatation was found in the dyspeptic children, which correlated with the total symptom score. Electrogastrographic and gastric emptying parameters show specific differences in dyspeptic children with respect to controls, both fasting and after a meal. The postprandial antral distension correlates with the severity of the symptoms.

gastric electrical activity electrogastrography gastric emptying nonulcer dyspepsia healthy children 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Riezzo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marisa Chiloiro
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vito Guerra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Osvaldo Borrelli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gennaro Salvia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Salvatore Cucchiara
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental Pathophysiology and the Laboratory of Epidemiology and BiostatisticsScientific Institute of GastroenterologyBariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics, 2nd School of MedicineUniversity of NaplesNaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations