Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 359–365

Interpretation of Simultaneous Measurements of Hepatic Extraction Fractions of Indocyanine Green and Sorbitol

  • Peter Ott
  • Otto Clemmesen
  • Susanne Keiding
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1005476913311

Cite this article as:
Ott, P., Clemmesen, O. & Keiding, S. Dig Dis Sci (2000) 45: 359. doi:10.1023/A:1005476913311

Abstract

Sorbitol and indocyanine green (ICG) have high hepatic extraction fractions (Esorb and EICG) in normal subjects. A curved relationship has been observed between Esorb and EICG in liver disease. According to one interpretation, the decrease of Esorb is a result of intrahepatic shunting and 1 − Esorb is the fraction of shunted flow (the shunt hypothesis). Under the further assumption that capillarization of functioning sinusoids prevents hepatic uptake of plasma protein-bound ICG and allows uptake of water-soluble sorbitol, the difference Esorb − EICG has been suggested as a measure of capillarization. We propose an alternative hypothesis: that the sinusoidal permeability–surface area products for sorbitol and ICG are reduced in proportion by liver disease (proportional reduction hypothesis). Based on the sinusoidal perfusion model, predictions were produced from both hypotheses for the relation between Esorb and EICG and the additional effects of capillarization were described. By use of liver vein catheterization, Esorb and EICG were simultaneously measured during continuous infusions in 53 human subjects with varying degrees of liver disease. The data were in better agreement with the predictions of the proportional reduction hypothesis than with the shunt hypothesis. Even though both intrahepatic portosystemic shunts and sinusoidal capillarization are known to occur in cirrhosis and also may have influenced our data, they appeared to be of minor importance from a kinetic point of view. These findings favor the proportional reduction hypothesis and do not support the use of systemic nonrenal clearance of sorbitol as a measure of “functional liver blood flow.”

functional liver blood flowsplanchnic hemodynamicsintrahepatic shuntskineticskinetic models

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Ott
    • 1
    • 2
  • Otto Clemmesen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Susanne Keiding
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Hepatological Department A 2-12-1National University HospitalCopenhagen
  2. 2.PET Centre and Department of Medicine VAarhus University HospitalAarhusDenmark