Studies in Philosophy and Education

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 329–348

Agency, Structure, and Power: An Inquiry into Racism and Resistance for Education

  • Benjamin Baez

DOI: 10.1023/A:1005241732091

Cite this article as:
Baez, B. Studies in Philosophy and Education (2000) 19: 329. doi:10.1023/A:1005241732091


This paper argues that the agency/structure dichotomy thatpredominates in racism discourse is problematic because itobscures how racism is produced and resisted at the local sitesof relations between individuals and between individualsand institutions. Racism permeates social relations,ensured by `knowledge' and guaranteed through self-regulation. Resistance to racism requires arecognition of racism's `local' character. As aresult, educators, particularly in classrooms,play important roles in resistance-practices.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Baez
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational Policy StudiesGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaU.S.A.