Studies in Philosophy and Education

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 329-348

First online:

Agency, Structure, and Power: An Inquiry into Racism and Resistance for Education

  • Benjamin BaezAffiliated withEducational Policy Studies, Georgia State University

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This paper argues that the agency/structure dichotomy thatpredominates in racism discourse is problematic because itobscures how racism is produced and resisted at the local sitesof relations between individuals and between individualsand institutions. Racism permeates social relations,ensured by `knowledge' and guaranteed through self-regulation. Resistance to racism requires arecognition of racism's `local' character. As aresult, educators, particularly in classrooms,play important roles in resistance-practices.