, Volume 115, Issue 3, pp 333–354

Freedom, Causation, and the Consequence Argument

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DOI: 10.1023/A:1005009029926

Cite this article as:
EKSTROM, L.W. Synthese (1998) 115: 333. doi:10.1023/A:1005009029926


The problem of analyzing causation and the problem of incompatibilism versus compatibilism are largely distinct. Yet, this paper will show that there are some theories of causation that a compatibilist should not endorse: namely, counterfactual theories, specifically the one developed by David Lewis and a newer, amended version of his account. Endorsing either of those accounts of causation undercuts the main compatibilist reply to a powerful argument for incompatibilism. Conversely, the argument of this paper has the following message for incompatibilists: you have reason to consider defending a counterfactual theory of causation.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998