Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 105, Issue 3, pp 643–659

Modeling the Concentration of Aluminum in Surface Waters

  • Timothy J. Sullivan
  • B. J. Cosby

DOI: 10.1023/A:1004957426629

Cite this article as:
Sullivan, T.J. & Cosby, B.J. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution (1998) 105: 643. doi:10.1023/A:1004957426629


Although the increased mobilization of aluminum from soils to surface waters is widely recognized as one of the most important ecological effects of acidic deposition, lumped-parameter mathematical models of acidification response typically overestimate the change in Al concentration under changing deposition by a considerable margin. The assumption of equilibrium with gibbsite (Al(OH)3) in the MAGIC model and other models of acid-base chemistry is shown to be inconsistent with measured values for a large variety of lake and stream databases. A modified algorithm for predicting Al concentration, based on empirical relationships evident in field data, provided superior estimates of changes in Al concentration in three long-term monitoring data sets and under experimental conditions at two experimental watershed manipulation sites.

acid deposition acidification aluminium modeling 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy J. Sullivan
    • 1
  • B. J. Cosby
    • 2
  1. 1.E&S Environmental Chemistry, Inc.CorvallisU.S.A
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleU.S.A

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