First Results from the Soho Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer
- Cite this article as:
- Kohl, J.L., Noci, G., Antonucci, E. et al. Sol Phys (1997) 175: 613. doi:10.1023/A:1004903206467
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The SOHO Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS/SOHO) is being used to observe the extended solar corona from 1.25 to 10 R⊙ from Sun center. Initial observations of polar coronal holes and equatorial streamers are described. The observations include measurements of spectral line profiles for HI Lα and Lβ, Ovi 1032 Å and 1037 Å, Mgx 625 Å, Fexii 1242 Å and several others. Intensities for Mgx 610 Å, Sixii 499 Å, and 520 Å, Sx 1196 Å, and 22 others have been observed. Preliminary results for derived H0, O5+, Mg9+, and Fe11+ velocity distributions and initial indications of outflow velocities for O5+ are described. In streamers, the H0 velocity distribution along the line of sight (specified by the value at e-1, along the line of sight) decreases from a maximum value of about 180 km s-1 at 2 R⊙ to about 140 km s-1 at 8 R⊙. The value for O5+ increases with height reaching a value of 150 km s-1 at 4.7 R⊙. In polar coronal holes, the O5+ velocity at e-1 is about equal to that of H0 at 1.7 R⊙ and significantly larger at 2.1 R⊙. The O5+ in both streamers and coronal holes were found to have anisotropic velocity distributions with the smaller values in the radial direction.