William Somner, S 1622, and the Editing of Old English Charters
- Kathryn A. Lowe
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
In this article, I assess the editorial technique of William Somner (1598?–1669), the scholar responsible for the first Anglo-Saxon dictionary to be published, Dictionarium Saxonico- Latino-Anglicum (1659). His work on the customs and land tenures of Kent, A Treatise on Gavelkind (1660, 2nd ed. 1726), includes editions of four pre- Conquest charters, two of which have not survived in manuscript form. I focus on a vernacular charter (S 1622) which Somner only edited in part, and which is not witnessed elsewhere. The charter, datable to AD 805 × 822, has not hitherto attracted much critical attention, but is interesting for a number of reasons. It is one of the earliest charters in Old English, and contains some interesting pronouncements on the alienability of bookland. It is clear from the phonology and orthography of the text that Somner was editing from a ninth- century text, rather than a later copy. The extract is hard to understand, but it is evident that the membrane was stained or damaged in some way. I argue that this led Somner to make a number of transcription errors. I therefore suggest a number of emendations to his text and offer a translation of the extract based on these changes.
- Brooks, Nicholas. The Early History of the Church of Canterbury. Studies in the Early History of Britain. Cambridge: Leicester University Press, 1984.
- Campbell, A. Old English Grammar. Oxford: Clarendon, 1959.
- Cook, Joan K. “Developing Techniques in Anglo-Saxon Scholarship in the Seventeenth Century: As They Appear in the Dictionarium Saxonico-Latino-Anglicum of William Somner.” Diss. Toronto University, 1962.
- Dam, Johannes van. The Causal Clause and Causal Prepositions in Early Old English. Diss. Amsterdam University Groningen: Wolters, 1957.
- Douglas, David C. English Scholars 1600–1730. 2nd ed. London: Eyre and Spottiswode, 1951.
- Dugdale, William. Monasticon Anglicanum. London, 1655–1673.
- Frantzen, Allen J. Desire for Origins: New Language, Old English and Teaching the Traditions. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
- Harmer, F. E., ed. Select English Historical Documents of the Ninth and Tenth Centuries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1914.
- Healey, Antonette diPaolo and Richard L. Venezky. A Microfiche Concordance to Old English. Publications of the Dictionary of Old English. 1. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1980.
- Hetherington, M. S. The Beginnings of Old English Lexicography, 1980. Privately printed.
- Hetherington, M. S. “The Recovery of the Anglo-Saxon Lexicon.” Anglo-Saxon Scholarship: The First Three Centuries. Eds. Carl T. Berkhout and Milton McC. Gatch. Boston: Hall, 1982, pp. 79–89.
- Hogg, Richard M. A Grammar of Old English. Volume 1: Phonology. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
- Kemble, Johannis M. Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxonici. 6 vols. London: English Historical Society, 1839–1948.
- Lutz, Angelika. “Zur Entstehungsgeschichte von William Somners Dictionarium Saxonico-Latino-Anglicum.” Anglia 106 (1988), 1–25.
- Mitchell, Bruce. Old English Syntax. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
- Pelteret, David A. E. Catalogue of English Post-Conquest Vernacular Documents. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1990.
- Robertson, A. J., ed. Anglo-Saxon Charters. 2nd ed. Cambridge Studies in English Legal History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956
- Rogers, H. L. “The Battle of Maldon: David Casley's Transcript.” Notes and Queries 230 (1985), 147–155.
- Sawyer, P. H. Anglo-Saxon Charters: An Annotated List and Bibliography. Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks. 8. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1968.
- Somner, William. The Antiquities of Canterbury. London, 1640.
- Somner, William. Dictionarium Saxonico-Latino-Anglicum. London, 1659.
- Somner, William. A Treatise of Gavelkind. 2nd ed. London, 1726.
- Textus Roffensis. Ed. P. H. Sawyer. Early English Manuscripts in Facsimile. 7, 11. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde and Bagger, 1957, 1962.
- Toller, T. Northcote. An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Based on the Manuscript Collections of the Late Joseph Bosworth. Oxford: Oxford University Press and Supplement. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1898, 1921.
- Twysden, Roger. Historiae Anglicanae Scriptores X. London, 1652.
- Whitelock, Dorothy, ed. Anglo-Saxon Wills. Cambridge Studies in English Legal History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1930.
- William Somner, S 1622, and the Editing of Old English Charters
Volume 83, Issue 2 , pp 291-297
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Kathryn A. Lowe (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of English Language, The University of Glasgow, 12 University Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8QH, Scotland