Upconversion luminescence of Er3+ in transparent SiO2—PbF2—ErF3 glass ceramics
- Cite this article as:
- Kawamoto, Y., Kanno, R. & Qiu, J. Journal of Materials Science (1998) 33: 63. doi:10.1023/A:1004333310532
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Oxyfluoride glasses with the composition 50SiO2 · 50PbF2 · xErF3 (x=4 and 5) by molar ratio were developed. Transparent glass ceramics were obtained by heat-treating the 50SiO2 · 50PbF2 · xErF3 glasses at the first crystallization temperatures. X-ray diffraction analysis of the transparent glass ceramics revealed that fluorite type β-PbF2:Er3+ solid solution regions of about 13.0 nm in diameter are precipitated in the glass matrix. The formation of this β-PbF2:Er3+ solid solution was also supported by Eu3+ fluorescence spectra which were measured on specimens in which Eu substituted for Er. Under 800 nm laser excitation, the Er3+ upconversion luminescence of 50SiO2 · 50PbF2 · xErF3 glasses was barely detectable, but the 50SiO2 · 50PbF2 · xErF3 glass ceramics gave Er3+ upconversion luminescence at a very high efficiency. The reason for the highly efficient Er3+ upconversion luminescence in the 50SiO2 · 50PbF2 · xErF3 glass ceramics can be explained in terms of the very small multiphonon relaxation rates that are anticipated from consideration of the Eu3+ emission spectra.