Reproduction and development of the freshwater clam Corbicula australis in southeast Australia
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The freshwater clam Corbicula australis is an important component of the macrobiota of the river systems of southeast Australia. Reproduction of two populations of this clam in the Nepean River at Douglas Park and Menangle was investigated to document the gametogenic cycle, larval morphology and to determine when they incubate embryos. C. australis is a simultaneous hermaphrodite and broods its young in the inner demibranchs. The gonads are ovotestes with oogenic and spermatogenic regions in each ascinus. The sperm are biflagellate, a condition unique in the Bivalvia to clonal corbiculids. Gametogenesis was continuous and did not exhibit a seasonal pattern. In contrast, spawning and incubation of embryos was limited to the warmer months of the year. Embryos were present in the gills from October to May. C. australis develops through a modified veliger larva with a vestigially ciliated velum which is not used for swimming or particle capture. The velum is covered by microvilli and it is suggested that the velar epithelium may be specialised for nutrient uptake in the marsupial environment. C. australis produces several clutches each year and the young are released as advanced juveniles with a well-developed foot. Reproductive output differed between the two populations. This was in part due to the larger size of the clams from Menangle and may also reflect the enhanced productivity at this site. The suite of life history traits exhibited by C. australis: hermaphroditism, potential for self-fertilization/androgenesis, brooding progeny to the crawl-away juvenile stage and a high reproductive output, provide for rapid colonization and population growth in this clam which typically inhabits disturbance prone sandy lotic habitats.
- Aldridge, D. W. & R. F. McMahon, 1978. Growth, fecundity, and bioenergetics in a natural population of the Asiatic freshwater clam, Corbicula manilensis Philippi, from North Central Texas. J. moll. Stud. 44: 49–70.
- Araujo, R., D. Moreno & M. A. Ramos, 1993. The asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea (Müller, 1774) in Europe. Am. Malacol. Bull. 10: 39–49.
- Boltovskoy, D., N. Correa, D. Cataldo, J. Stripeikis & M. Tudino, 1997. Environmental stress on Corbicula fluminea (Bivalvia) in the Paraná River delta (Argentina): complex pollution related disruption of population structures. Arch. Hydrobiol. 138: 483–507.
- Baudrimont, M., S. Lemaire-Gony, F. Ribeyre, J. Mátivaud & A. Boudou, 1997. Seasonal variations of metallothionein concentrations in the Asiatic clam (Corbicula fluminea). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 118C: 361–367.
- Bilos, C., J. C. Colombo & M. J. Rodroguez-Presa, 1998. Trace metals in suspended particles, sediments and Asiatic clams Corbicula fluminea of the Rio de la Plata Estuary, Argentina. Envir. Pollut. 99: 1–11.
- Byrne, M., 1998. Reproduction of river and lake populations of Hyridella depressa (Unionacea: Hyriidae) in New South Wales: Implications for their conservation. Hydrobiologia 389: 29–43.
- Colombo, J. C., C. Bilos, M. Campanaro, M. J. Rodroguez-Presa & J. A. Catoggio, 1995. Bioaccumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorinated pesticides by the Asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea: its use as sentinel organism in the Rio de La Plata Estuary, Argentina. Envir. Sci. Technol. 29: 914–927.
- Cohen, R. R. H., P. V. Dresler, E. J. P. Phillips & R. L. Cory, 1984. The effect of the Asiatic clam, Corbicula fluminea, on the phytoplankton of the Potomac River, Maryland. Limnol. Oceanogr. 29: 170–180.
- Duarte, M. M. & C. O. Diefenbach, 1994. Microdistribution and abundance of freshwater mussels (Mollusca: Unionacea and Corbiculacea) in Suzana Lake, Southern Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment. 29: 233–250.
- Giese, A. C. & J. S. Pearse, 1974. Introduction: general principles. In Giese, A. C. & J. S. Pearse (eds), Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates. Acoelomate and Pseudocoleomate Metazoans. Academic Press, New York: 1–49.
- Ikematsu, W & S. Yamane, 1977. Ecological studies of Corbicula leana PRIME-III on spawning throughout the year and self-fertilization. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Fish. 43: 1139–1146.
- Iredale, T., 1943. A basic list of the freshwater Mollusca of Australia. Aust. Zool. 10: 188–230.
- Kerr, R. J., 1994.Water quality, Hawkesbury-Nepean River System, June 1990–June 1993. New South Wales Environment Protection Authority Report 94/103.
- King, C. A., C. L. Langdon & C. L. Counts, 1986. Spawning and early development of Corbicula fluminea (Bivalvia: Corbiculidae) in laboratory culture. Am. Malacol. Bull. 4: 81–88.
- Komaru, A. & K. Konishi, 1996. Ultrastructure of biflagellate sperm in the freshwater clam Corbicula leana (Prime). Inv. Rep. Devp. 29: 193–197.
- Komaru, A., K. Konishi, I. Nakayama, T. Koyabashi, H. Sakai & K. Kawamura, 1997. Hermaphroditic freshwater clams in the genus Corbicula produce non-reductional spermatozoa with somatic DNA content. Biol. Bull. 193: 320–323.
- Komaru, A., T. Kawagishi & K. Konishi, 1998. Cytological evidence of spontaneous androgenesis in the freshwater clam Corbicula leana Prime. Dev. Genes Evol. 208: 46–50.
- Kraemer, L. R. & M. L. Galloway, 1986. Larval development of Corbicula fluminea (Müller) (Bivalvia: Corbiculacea): an appraisal of its heterochrony. Am. Malacol. Bull. 4: 81–79.
- Lauritsen, D. D., 1986. Filter-feeding in Corbicula fluminea and its effect on seston removal. J. n. Am. Benthol. Soc. 5: 165–172.
- Lemaire-Gony, F. & A. Boudou, 1997. Mantle and gill fine structure in the freshwater Asiatic clam, Corbicula fluminea (Müller). Annls. Limnol. 33: 163–178.
- McMahon, R. F., 1983. Ecology of an invasive pest bivalve, Corbicula. In Wilber, K. (ed.), The Mollusca. Vol. 6: Ecology. Academic Press, NY: 505–561.
- McMahon, R. F. & C. J. Williams, 1986. A reassessment of growth rate, life span, life cycles and population dynamics in a natural population and field caged individuals of Corbicula fluminea (Müller) (Bivalvia: Corbiculacea). Am. Malac. Bull. Spec. Edn. No. 2: 151–166.
- McMichael, D. F., 1965. Non-marine Mollusca from tertiary rocks in Northern Australia. Bull. Bur. Min. Res. 80: 135–159.
- Moran, A. L., 1999. Intracapsular feeding by embryos of the gastropod genus Littorina. Biol. Bull. 196: 229–244.
- Morton, B., 1977. The population dynamics of Corbicula fluminea (Bivalvia: Corbiculacea) in Plover Cove Reservoir, Hong Kong. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 181: 21–42.
- Okamoto, A. & B. Arimoto, 1986. Chromosomes of Corbicula japonica, C. sandai and C. (Corbicula) leana (Bivalvia: Corbiculidae). Venus 45: 194–202.
- Phelps, H. L., 1993. Sediment toxicity of the Anacostia River estuary, Washington, DC. Bull. envir. Contam. Toxicol. 51: 582–587.
- Phelps, H. L., 1994. The Asiatic clam (Corbicula fluminea) invasion and system-level ecological change in the Potomac River estuary near Washington, DC. Estuaries 17: 614–621.
- Prezant, R. S. & K. Chalermwat, 1984. Flotation of the bivalve Corbicula fluminea as a means of dispersal. Science 225: 1491–1493.
- Sakai, H., K. Kamiyama, S-R Jeon & M. Amio, 1994. Genetic relationships among three species of freshwater bivalves Genus Corbicula (Corbiculidae). Nip. Suis. Gak. 60: 605–610.
- Smith, B. J. & R. C. Kershaw, 1979. Field Guide to the Non-Marine Molluscs of South Eastern Australia. Australian National University Press, Canberra.
- Tham, S. Y., 1971. Reproduction in Corbicula angasi Prime (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Honors Thesis, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
- Reproduction and development of the freshwater clam Corbicula australis in southeast Australia
Volume 418, Issue 1 , pp 185-197
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- freshwater clam
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Anatomy and Histology F13, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia
- 2. Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of the District of Columbia, 4200 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, DC, 20008, U.S.A.
- 3. Environment Protection Authority New South Wales, Civic Tower, Jacobs Street and Rickard Road, Locked Bag 1502, Bankstown, NSW, 2200, Australia