Higher Education

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 435–453

Research on international student flows from a macro perspective: A network analysis of 1985, 1989 and 1995


  • Tse-Mei Chen
    • Department of CommunicationState University of New York at Buffalo
  • George A. Barnett
    • Department of CommunicationState University of New York at Buffalo

DOI: 10.1023/A:1003961327009

Cite this article as:
Chen, T. & Barnett, G.A. Higher Education (2000) 39: 435. doi:10.1023/A:1003961327009


By analyzing the 64 countries that represent the largest number ofinternational student exchanges, this article describes internationalstudent flows from a macro perspective. The findings indicate that theinternational student exchange network remained relatively stable. TheUnited States and most Western industrialized countries maintained theirposition at the center of the network, while East European and Asiancountries have become more central and the African and Middle Eastcountries have stayed peripheral. The results suggest an academichegemony consistent with world economic and political performance. Alliedwith World System Theory, the higher a country's position in the worldsystem, the more central it is in the international student exchangenetwork.

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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000