Effect of carbon-supported and unsupported Pt–Ru anodes on the performance of solid-polymer-electrolyte direct methanol fuel cells
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- Aricò, A., Shukla, A., El-Khatib, K. et al. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry (1999) 29: 673. doi:10.1023/A:1003538230286
The structure, chemistry and morphology of commercially available carbon-supported and unsupported Pt–Ru catalysts are investigated by X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive analysis by X-rays and electron microscopy. The catalytic activities of these materials towards electrooxidation of methanol in solid-polymer-electrolyte direct methanol fuel cells have been investigated at 90∘C and 130∘C with varying amounts of Nafion ionomer in the catalytic layer. The unsupported Pt–Ru catalyst exhibits higher performance with lower activation-control and mass-polarization losses in relation to the carbon-supported catalyst.