Instructional Science

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 127–140

Metacognition, abilities, and developing expertise: What makes an expert student?

  • Robert J. Sternberg

DOI: 10.1023/A:1003096215103

Cite this article as:
Sternberg, R.J. Instructional Science (1998) 26: 127. doi:10.1023/A:1003096215103


The main argument of this article is that metacognition is an important part of human abilities, which are, in turn, forms of developing expertise. To the extent that our goal is to understand the bases of individual differences in student academic success, we need to understand metacognition as representing part of the abilities that lead to student expertise, but only as part.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Sternberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYale UniversityNew HavenU.S.A