Instructional Science

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 113–125

Promoting general metacognitive awareness

  • Gregory Schraw

DOI: 10.1023/A:1003044231033

Cite this article as:
Schraw, G. Instructional Science (1998) 26: 113. doi:10.1023/A:1003044231033


I describe two aspects of metacognition, knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition, and how they are related to domain-specific knowledge and cognitive abilities. I argue that metacognitive knowledge is multidimensional, domain-general in nature, and teachable. Four instructional strategies are described for promoting the construction and acquisition of metacognitive awareness. These include promoting general awareness, improving self-knowledge and regulatory skills, and promoting learning environments that are conducive to the construction and use of metacognition.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory Schraw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyThe University of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnU.S.A