Acta Biotheoretica

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 295–319

A New Approach for the Modelling of Sediment Reworking Induced by a Macrobenthic Community

  • Frédérique François
  • Jean-Christophe Poggiale
  • Jean-Pierre Durbec
  • Georges Stora
Article

DOI: 10.1023/A:1000636109604

Cite this article as:
François, F., Poggiale, JC., Durbec, JP. et al. Acta Biotheor (1997) 45: 295. doi:10.1023/A:1000636109604

Abstract

A new model of bioturbation has been developed to describe short term sediment reworking induced by macrobenthic communities. The design of the model had to consider the mixing processes, firstly, at the organism level, and secondly, at community level. This paper describes the mixing mode of the four types of bioturbators defined by the authors: the biodiffusors, the upward-conveyors, the downward-conveyors and the regenerators. The mathematical formulation of these sub-models consists of ordinary differential equations. They take into account the size of the bioturbated zone, the output fluxes to the water column, tracer decay, physical mixing due to local currents and the type and intensity of the bioturbation processes. These sub-models make it possible to describe correctly the mixing events that have occurred in cores with each type of bioturbator. They also provide the basis for general bioturbation model, that will take into account the respective degrees of involvement of (i) the different bioturbation processes and their characteristics, (ii) the interference between the different processes, and (iii) make possible to predict the particle reworking in order to include it in studies of organic matter in early diagenesis.

bioturbation modelling macrobenthic sediment 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frédérique François
    • 1
  • Jean-Christophe Poggiale
    • 1
  • Jean-Pierre Durbec
    • 1
  • Georges Stora
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d'Océanographie et de Biogéochimie, Centre d'Océanologie de MarseilleCampus de LuminyMarseille cedex 09France