, Volume 15, Issue 12, pp 1693-1706

Differential electrochemical mass spectrometry

Abstract

Differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) can be used not only to identify products or intermediates of continuous faradaic reactions, but also to characterize submonolayer amounts of adsorbates on polycrystalline and single crystal electrode surfaces by means of their desorption, because of its high sensitivity. One possibility to achieve this is to oxidize a carbonaceous species to CO2, which is quantitatively detected in the mass spectrometer. Many adsorbates can also be desorbed at certain potentials as such, or as the hydrogenated product, allowing a more direct characterization of the adsorbate. In some cases, a nonreactive desorption can be induced by displacement with a second adsorbate, yielding additional information. Interfacing an electrochemical cell to a mass spectrometer via a porous Teflon membrane can be achieved with a variety of cells. These will be described together with their specific advantages and characteristics.

Published online October 26, 2004