Construction of a hybrid quadrupole/fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer for versatile MS/MS above 10 kDa
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- Patrie, S.M., Charlebois, J.P., Whipple, D. et al. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom (2004) 15: 1099. doi:10.1016/j.jasms.2004.04.031
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Technological advancements including an open-cylindrical Penning trap with capacitively coupled ICR cell, selective ion accumulation with a resolving quadrupole, and a voltage gradient used during ion extraction from an octopole ion trap, have individually improved dynamic range and sensitivity in Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). Documented here is a new instrument utilizing these technologies toward the robust detection and fragmentation of biomolecules >10 kDa. Up to 55-fold enhancement in ion population by selective ion accumulation combined with 10- to 20- fold signal-to-noise improvement by application of a DC voltage gradient to an accumulation octopole during the ion transfer event offers improved signal-to-noise (or speed) of MS/MS experiments, for proteins from Methanococcus jannaschii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae whole cell lysates. After external quadrupole filtering with a 40 m/z window, three proteins were fragmented (and identified) in parallel from the database of Methanococcus jannaschii. Electron capture dissociation (ECD) of an intact yeast protein provides extensive sequence information resulting in a high degree of localization for an N-terminal acetylation. Hybrid fragmentation, infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD) followed by low energy electrons (ECD), with the electron source located laterally off the z-axis and external to the magnet bore, presents a strategy for identification of proteins by means of the sequence tag approach. Automated implementation of diverse MSn approaches in a Q-FTMS instrument promises to help realize “top-down” proteomics in the future.