Top down characterization of secreted proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis by electron capture dissociation mass spectrometry

Abstract

Secreted proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are implicated in its disease pathogenesis and so are considered as potential diagnostic and vaccine candidates. The search for these has been slow, even though the entire genome sequence of M. tuberculosis is now available; of the 620 protein spots resolved by 2-D gel electrophoresis, 114 secreted proteins have been identified, but for only 13 has the primary structure been partly characterized. For comparison, in this top down mass spectrometry (MS) approach the secreted proteins were precipitated from cell culture filtrate, resuspended, and examined directly by electrospray ionization (ESI) Fourier transform MS. The ESI spectra of three precipitates showed 93, 535, and 369 molecular weight (Mr) values, for a total of 689 different values. However, only ∼10% of these values matched (±1 Da) the DNA predicted Mr values, but these identifications were unreliable. Of nine molecular ions characterized by MS/MS, only one protein match was confirmed, and its isotopic molecular ions were overlapped by those of another protein. MS/MS identified a total of ten proteins by sequence tag search, of which three were unidentified previously. The low success of Mr matching was due to unusually extensive posttranslational modifications, including loss of a signal sequence, loss of the N-terminal residue, proteolytic degradation, oxidation, and glycosylation. Although in eubacteria the latter is relatively rare, a 9 kDa protein showed 7 hexose attachments and two 20 kDa proteins each had 20 attachments. For MS/MS, electron capture dissociation was especially effective.

Published online February 24, 2003