Analysis of lipid hydroperoxides and long-chain conjugated keto acids by negative ion electrospray mass spectrometry
- Cite this article as:
- MacMillan, D.K. & Murphycor, R.C. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom (1995) 6: 1190. doi:10.1016/1044-0305(95)00505-6
- 10 Downloads
Lipid hydroperoxides are important products of enzymatic processes and autooxidation products of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Analysis of such compounds has proved difficult in the past, but negative ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry was found to be suitable for direct analysis. Abundant [M - H]− ions were observed in full scan mode for hydroper-oxyeicosatetraenoic (HPETE), hydroperoxyoctadecenoic acid isomers, and 5,12-diHPETE. Loss of water was observed for all species. Collisional activation and tandem mass spectrometry generated unique and characteristic spectra that shared some common features such as loss of small neutral molecules. More importantly, fragment ions that were indicative of the position of the hydroperoxide were observed. Collision-induced decomposition (CID) of [M - H2O]− for the HPETE isomers was found to be virtually identical to the CID mass spectra of the [M - H]− anions from corresponding keto-eicosatetraenoic acids, which suggests that the hydroperoxide anions decompose via a dehydration intermediate that resembles the keto acid molecular anion. Cleavage of the double bond allylic to the hydroperoxide formed structurally characteristic ions at m/z 129 from 5-HPETE, m/z 153 from 12-HPETE, and m/z 113 from 15-HPETE. Charge-driven allylic fragmentation led to formation of m/z 203 from 5-HPETE, m/z 179 from 12-HPETE, and m/z 219 from 15-HPETE. Mechanisms consistent with the decomposition of stable isotope analogues are proposed for the formation of these and other characteristic ions. These specific decompositions can be used in multiple reaction monitoring to measure picomolar concentrations of hydroperoxides by direct high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.