Quantum Studies: Mathematics and Foundations

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 237–263

Anatomy of fluorescence: quantum trajectory statistics from continuously measuring spontaneous emission

  • Andrew N. Jordan
  • Areeya Chantasri
  • Pierre Rouchon
  • Benjamin Huard
Regular Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s40509-016-0075-9

Cite this article as:
Jordan, A.N., Chantasri, A., Rouchon, P. et al. Quantum Stud.: Math. Found. (2016) 3: 237. doi:10.1007/s40509-016-0075-9

Abstract

We investigate the continuous quantum measurement of a superconducting qubit undergoing fluorescence. The fluorescence of the qubit is detected via a phase preserving heterodyne measurement, giving the fluorescence quadrature signals as two continuous qubit readout results. Using the stochastic path integral approach to the measurement physics, we derive most likely paths between boundary conditions on the state, and compute approximate time correlation functions between all stochastic variables via diagrammatic perturbation theory. We focus on paths that increase in energy during the continuous measurement. Our results are compared to Monte Carlo numerical simulation of the trajectories, and we find close agreement between direct simulation and theory. We generalize this analysis to arbitrary diffusive quantum systems that are continuously monitored.

Keywords

Quantum trajectories Quantum measurement Spontaneous emission Heterodyne measurement Stochastic path integral 

Copyright information

© Chapman University 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew N. Jordan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Areeya Chantasri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pierre Rouchon
    • 4
  • Benjamin Huard
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Center for Coherence and Quantum Optics, University of RochesterRochesterUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Quantum Studies, Chapman UniversityOrangeUSA
  4. 4.Centre Automatique et Systèmes, Mines-ParisTechPSL Reseach UniversityParisFrance
  5. 5.Laboratoire Pierre Aigrain, Ecole Normale Supérieure-PSL Research UniversityCNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Sorbonne Universités, Université Paris Diderot-Sorbonne Paris CitéParisFrance

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