International Journal of Dynamics and Control

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 192-202

First online:

A review on the development of wind turbine generators across the world

  • N. GoudarziAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  • , W. D. ZhuAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County Email author 


Wind power as a source of green and abundant energy is proposed as one of the main new world power sources and has acquired a great momentum across the world. In the last few decades, wind turbines with different generators have been developed to increase the maximum power capture, minimize the cost, and expand the use of the wind turbines in both onshore and offshore applications. This paper reviews the development of different types of wind turbine generator technologies and discusses advantages and disadvantages of each type. In addition, a comparison of different generator designs based on the technical data and market trends is provided. To better understand the development of generator concepts on the market, the market trends of current large generators with a capacity of 2.5 MW and above across the world are evaluated.


Induction generators Synchronous generators Permanent magnet generators High-temperature-superconducting generators Wind power generation Onshore/offshore wind turbines Power electronics Power quality Wind farms