, Volume 73, Issue 13, pp 1395-1403
Date: 25 Jul 2013

The Optimal Management of Follicular Lymphoma: An Evolving Field

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Abstract

Follicular lymphoma consists of a heterogeneous group of diseases that can vary dramatically in clinical course. As with other indolent lymphomas, follicular lymphoma is felt to be highly treatable, but ultimately incurable. The appropriate management of this disease ranges from close observation to chemoimmunotherapy based on presenting symptoms and comorbidities. In this article, we focus on the optimal management of follicular lymphoma, including prognostication, indications for treatment, and current treatment options. While a number of front-line chemoimmunotherapy options exist, R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone) and BR (bendamustine, rituximab) tend to be favored due to efficacy and tolerability. Post-induction options include maintenance rituximab and radioimmunotherapy, but neither has demonstrated an overall survival benefit. In relapsed disease, patients can receive an alternative chemoimmunotherapy regimen or radioimmunotherapy, or participate in a clinical trial. There are a number of new biologic targeted therapies with promising activity in follicular lymphoma that have the potential to change our approach to this disease.