Swallowing Disorders (RE Martin, Section Editor)

Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 216-222

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Oral Health and Swallowing Problems

  • Michiko FurutaAffiliated withSection of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Division of Oral Health, Growth and Development, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University
  • , Yoshihisa YamashitaAffiliated withSection of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Division of Oral Health, Growth and Development, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University Email author 

Abstract

Oral health impacts systemic health. Therefore, oral care is an important consideration in maintaining quality of life (QOL). Previously, maintenance and improvement of oral hygiene was considered essential for achieving oral health. In addition to oral hygiene, oral care in terms of oral function is now considered to maintain QOL. Ingestion of exogenous nutrients via the oral cavity is fundamental to the function of all higher animals, not only human beings. Chewing and swallowing processes are critical for normal food intake, and adequate saliva supply and oral care to allow proper functioning of these processes are indispensable for maintaining QOL. In this review, we will summarize the relationship between chewing and swallowing and effects of saliva secretion on these functions, and discuss methods to maintain ingestion of exogenous nutrients and prevent swallowing problems, especially in elderly people.

Keywords

Tooth loss Denture Saliva Swallowing function Swallowing problems Dysphagia