Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation (NA Segal, Section Editor)

Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 38-47

First online:

Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

  • George W. DeimelAffiliated withDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine Center, Mayo Clinic
  • , Elena J. JelsingAffiliated withDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports Medicine Center, Mayo Clinic
  • , Mederic M. HallAffiliated withUI Sports Medicine Center, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics Email author 


This review article discusses the current role of ultrasound in the modern physiatric practice, both as a complementary diagnostic tool and as a modality for intervention guidance. Indications, limitations, techniques, guidelines for utilization, new training and credentialing initiatives, and potential for future research are discussed. Indications include the role of diagnostic ultrasound and ultrasound-guided interventions in the different areas of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) including musculoskeletal, pain, neuromuscular medicine/electrodiagnosis, pediatrics, and central nervous system rehabilitation. Guidelines for utilization including recently published articles pertaining to the role of ultrasound in diagnosis of musculoskeletal conditions are reviewed. Training and credentialing are reviewed, specifically the introduction and evolution of ultrasound training in PM&R residency programs as well as recently introduced practitioner certification and practice accreditation processes. Potential for research is discussed including the need for further evaluation of cost-effectiveness, accuracy and efficacy of these techniques when compared to current standards of practice.


Sonography Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Ultrasound Diagnostic