Date: 23 Feb 2014

The Berries of Santalum album L. as a New Source of Cyanidin-3-Glucoside and Chemical Profiling during Different Stages of Berry Development

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Abstract

Changes during development of Santalum album L. berries were studied with respect to contents of pigment, carbohydrates, proteins, phenols, organic acids, colour and biomass. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (anthocyanin pigment) content increased rapidly from early (green) through intermediate (pink) to matured stage (black). Carbohydrates and proteins contents also increased during berry development. Phenols contents got reduced on maturation of the berries while total organic acids contents increased. Colour parameters such as L, b and chroma values decreased, whereas a value increased from green to pink stage, then decreased on ripening of the berries. Although berry size increased but seed weight did not change indicating biomass increase. From the present study, it is concluded that only the black (or matured) berries of S. album may be harvested for maximum yield of anthocyanin pigment.