Review

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences

, Volume 82, Issue 1, pp 83-97

Nanostructured Metal Oxides: Low Temperature Synthesis and Biomimetic Approaches

  • Sunkara V. ManoramaAffiliated withInorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology
  • , Pratyay BasakAffiliated withInorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology
  • , Rohit Kumar RanaAffiliated withInorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology
  • , M. Lakshmi KantamAffiliated withInorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology Email author 

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Abstract

The last few decades have seen tremendous explosion of activity in the area of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Semiconducting metal oxides and their composites form an important class of materials for the envisaged cutting edge applications. Several approaches have been attempted by researchers to prepare nanocrystalline metal oxides, study the material properties and explore their feasibility for a variety of applications. In this review, the highlights of authors’ research efforts vis-à-vis the global state of nanomaterial research is discussed briefly. A comprehensive outlook on some of the important metal oxides, the various strategies practiced to synthesize them, along with a bird’s eye view of the results, important breakthroughs and achievements in the last decade are briefly discussed.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Metal oxides Synthesis Low temperature methods Bioinspired Self-assembly Titanium dioxide Ferrites Tin dioxide Silica Zinc oxide