Original Paper

EURO Journal on Computational Optimization

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 201-218

First online:

Restrict-and-relax search for 0-1 mixed-integer programs

  • Menal GuzelsoyAffiliated withGeorgia Institute of Technology
  • , George NemhauserAffiliated withGeorgia Institute of Technology
  • , Martin SavelsberghAffiliated withUniversity of Newcastle Email author 


A highly desirable characteristic of methods for solving 0-1 mixed-integer programs is that they should be capable of producing high-quality solutions quickly. We introduce restrict-and-relax search, a branch-and-bound algorithm that explores the solution space not only by fixing variables (restricting), but also by freeing, or unfixing, previously fixed variables (relaxing). Starting from a restricted 0-1 mixed-integer program, the branch-and-bound algorithm may, at any node of the search tree, selectively relax, or unfix, previously fixed variables, restrict, or fix, additional variables, or unfix and fix variables at the same time using dual or structural information (problem-specific information). This process yields a dynamic search that is likely to find high-quality feasible solutions more quickly than a traditional search and that is also capable of proving optimality. A proof-of-concept computational study demonstrates its potential. A straightforward generic implementation in SYMPHONY, an open source solver for mixed-integer programs, is shown to generate high-quality solutions for many MIPLIB instances as well as for large-scale multicommodity fixed-charge network flow instances much more quickly than SYMPHONY itself.


0-1 Integer programming Branch-and-bound Feasible solutions Restrict-and-relax

Mathematics Subject Classification

90C11 65K05