, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 277-278
Date: 13 Nov 2012

Ursodeoxycholic acid and its emerging role in attenuation of tumor growth in gastrointestinal malignancies

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Dear Editor,

I read with great interest the recent article by Tschirner et al. [1]. Interestingly, recent data suggest that ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) may attenuate tumor growth in a number of gastrointestinal malignancies.

For instance, tauro-ursodeoxycholic acid when administered along with celecoxib attenuates proliferation and tumor growth in colonic adenomas [2]. Interestingly, UDCA decreases the odds of advanced lesions in males only [3]. Similarly, UDCA downregulates c-Myc expression [4]. As a result, it attenuates tumor growth in colon carcinomas. CDK6 expression is also decreased secondary to UDCA administration. UDCA downregulates Cox-2 also, thus further inhibiting tumor growth. It also attenuates CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) at the same time [5]. It also effects p38 and Ras expression and thereby further modulates Cox-2 function. Recently, UDCA conjugates with glutamic acid have been developed that result in enhanced intraluminal delivery of UDCA inside th ...

A reply to this comment can be found at doi 10.1007/s13539-012-0092-4.