, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 237-247,
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Date: 25 Feb 2012

Genetic variation of Fusarium oxysporum isolates forming fumonisin B1 and moniliformin

Abstract

Thirty single-spore isolates of a toxigenic fungus, Fusarium oxysporum, were isolated from asparagus spears and identified by species-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF) sequence analysis. In the examined sets of F. oxysporum isolates, the DNA sequences of mating type genes (MAT) were identified. The distribution of MAT idiomorph may suggest that MAT1-2 is a predominant mating type in the F. oxysporum population. F. oxysporum is mainly recognised as a producer of moniliformin—the highly toxic secondary metabolite. Moniliformin content was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis in the range 0.05–1,007.47 μg g−1 (mean 115.93 μg g−1) but, also, fumonisin B1 was detected, in the concentration range 0.01–0.91 μg g−1 (mean 0.19 μg g−1). There was no association between mating types and the mycotoxins biosynthesis level. Additionally, a significant intra-species genetic diversity was revealed and molecular markers associated with toxins biosynthesis were identified.