Review

Genes & Genomics

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 1-5

Genomics of brown algae: current advances and future prospects

  • J. Mark CockAffiliated withStation Biologique de Roscoff, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, The Marine Plants and Biomolecules Laboratory, UMR 7139Laboratoire International Associé Dispersal and Adaptation in Marine Species, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7139 Email author 
  • , Alok ArunAffiliated withStation Biologique de Roscoff, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, The Marine Plants and Biomolecules Laboratory, UMR 7139Laboratoire International Associé Dispersal and Adaptation in Marine Species, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7139
  • , Olivier GodfroyAffiliated withStation Biologique de Roscoff, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, The Marine Plants and Biomolecules Laboratory, UMR 7139Laboratoire International Associé Dispersal and Adaptation in Marine Species, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7139
  • , Nicolas MacaisneAffiliated withStation Biologique de Roscoff, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, The Marine Plants and Biomolecules Laboratory, UMR 7139Laboratoire International Associé Dispersal and Adaptation in Marine Species, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7139
  • , Martina StrittmatterAffiliated withStation Biologique de Roscoff, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, The Marine Plants and Biomolecules Laboratory, UMR 7139Laboratoire International Associé Dispersal and Adaptation in Marine Species, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7139
  • , Akira F. PetersAffiliated withBezhin Rosko
  • , Susana M. CoelhoAffiliated withStation Biologique de Roscoff, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, The Marine Plants and Biomolecules Laboratory, UMR 7139Laboratoire International Associé Dispersal and Adaptation in Marine Species, Station Biologique de Roscoff, CNRS, UMR 7139

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Abstract

The analysis of the complete genome sequence of the filamentous brown alga Ectocarpus provided many new insights into brown algal biology and has improved our understanding of how this organism has adapted to its seashore environment. Since the publication of the genome sequence in 2010, numerous studies have continued the analysis of the constituent genes or have combined genome data with experimental work, allowing progress in several key areas, including metabolism and reproductive biology. Ectocarpus will continue to be exploited as a model organism in future years, but genomic approaches should also be extended to additional brown algal species in order to fully exploit the diversity of this phylogenetic group and to facilitate the application of new knowledge to economically important seaweeds such as kelps.

Keywords

brown algae Ectocarpus siliculosus genome sequence biotechnology